65 terms

AP Human Geography: Culture

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Terms in this set (...)

culture
common set of beliefs, attitudes, norms, and values
habit
a repetitive action of an individual
custom
a repetitive action of a group
________ refers to the totality of customs of a group
Culture
A ______ is typically not adopted by the group
habit
folk culture
small, homogenous groups in rural, isolated areas
popular culture
larger, heterogenous societies that share certain habits
____ cultural landscapes experience relatively slow change
Folk
_______ cultural landscapes experience more rapid change in appearance
Popular
____ culture originates within a hearth - usually anonymously
Folk
_____ culture originates from the economically developed countries
Popular
Pop culture innovations are oriented around _____ ________
leisure time
Folk music is composed _______ and transmitted through _________
anonymously; oral tradition
Popular music is written by _______ individuals for mass sale to large public audience and requires a high degree of ________ skill
specific; technical
Pop musicians around the world write and perform in ______
English
assimilation
a group of people acquire characteristics of another group
_____ cultures create boundaries against ______ culture
Folk; pop
cultural appropriation
where non-cultural members privatize cultural knowledge for personal gain
culture rebound
the re-adoption by later generations of identifying cultural traits
neolocalism
folk cultural revival to face uncertainty of modern world
ethnic neighborhoods
small pocket in a larger city where the only people that live there are a part of a certain ethnicity
commodification
when customs, knowledge, or names of a culture are used by outsiders for profit
What is placelessness?
loss of uniqueness of place; localities look like the next
What kind of diffusion did sports take part in?
hierarchical
___________ factors determine the food preferences of a group
Environmental
Food avoidance is connected to ______ social qualities
undesirable
Folk housing building materials are influenced by ______ resources.
available
_______ and _______ are the most common building materials globally.
Wood; brick
______ is the preferred building material because it is easier to build with.
Wood
House form might reflect ______ values.
religious
___________ roofs are important in wet or snowy climates.
Pitched
In hot climates, windows may be __________.
smaller
_______ facing windows take advantage of the sun's heat/light.
Southern
What are the 3 major housing nodes?
New England, Middle Atlantic, Lower Chesapeake
What are the 4 New England housing types?
Saltbox, Two-Chimney, Cape Cod, Front Gable & Wing
What type of house is found in the Middle Atlantic?
the "I" house
What is the most common Lower Chesapeake style?
Tidewater
After WWII, houses had a more "_________ style"
modern
In the 1960's, houses were "______"
neo-eclectic
The __________ house encourage urban sprawl by taking up a larger lot.
Ranch Style
The invention of the TV led to the creation of the __________ house.
split-level
Clothing in popular culture denotes __________, not environment.
occupation
In popular culture, women's clothes change style ______ and the wealthy may change their wardrobe _________.
rapidly; frequently
In the late 1960's, jeans became a symbol of ________ and ___________.
youth; independence
Members of popular culture consume large amounts of _________ and ___________.
alcohol; snack foods
Patterns of popular food consumption reflect ______ production patterns.
local
_________ affects alcohol consumption.
Religion
___________ is a significant popular custom.
Watching TV
The most important leisure activity in the developed world is ___________.
watching television
The most important mechanism through which knowledge is spread is the _________.
television
__________ is viewed as an important tool for cultural integration.
Television
___________ could cause a loss of folk culture and an abandonment of traditional values.
Globalization
globalization
the expansion of economic, political, and cultural processes to the point that they become global in scale and impact
Exported Western values are undermining traditional __________.
gender roles
Legal equality is widely __________, which is threatening to more traditional societies.
accepted
Popular culture views women at home as _________, but as objects that money can buy in folk societies.
equal
imperialism
to be dominated by another country through ideas
_______ culture is typically imposed on the environment.
Popular
__________ is to be modified to serve leisure or sell a commodity.
Environment
__________ culture has a negative impact on the environment.
Popular
guest worker
legal immigrant who has a work visa; usually short term
saltbox house
two-chimney house
cape cod house
front gable and wing house

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