48 terms

Art Appreciation Ch. 5

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Terms in this set (...)

composition
in two-dimensional art when the artist organizes all the elements to satisfy his expressive intent.
design
organizing the elements to satisfy the artist expressive intent within all types of art.
perception
the principles of design are a natural part of
Principles of Design
codify, or explain systematically, our sent of "rightness" and help to show why certain designs work better than others
hierarchical scale
the use of scale to indicate relative importance.
Proportion
refers to size relationships between parts of a whole or between two or more items perceived as a unit.
Henry Matisse
Memory of Oceania
Jackson Pollock
Shimmering Substance
Annette Messager
Mes Voeux
Jospeh Cornell
The Hotel Eden
Isamu Noguchi
Red Cube
Newar Artists Densatil Monastery
Thirteen-Deity Jnanadakini Mandala
Georgia O'Keeffe
Deer's Skull with Pedernal 1936
The Luo Brothers
Welcome the World Famous Brand Name
Gustavv Klimt
Death and Life
Tawaraya (Nonomura)Sotatsu
The Zen Priest Choka 16th/17th century
Visual weight
refers to apparent "heaviness" or "lightness" of the forms arranged in a composition, as guaged by how insistently they draw our eyes.
balance
when the weight is distributed evenly around a central axis.
unity
a sense of oneness, of things belonging together and making up a coherent whole.
Variety
difference which provides interest
Joseph Mallord William Turner
The Burning of the Houses of Parliament
Edouard Manet
A Bar at the Foiles-Bergere
looking
Balance encourages our acive participation in _________.
mood or meaning
As an important aspect of form, balance also helps communicate a ______.
Emphasis
means that our attention is drawn more to certain parts of a composistion than to others.
focal point
If emphasis is on a relatively small, clearly defined area it is called a ________.
Subordination
means that certain areas of the composition are purposefully made less visually interesting so that the areas of emphasis stand out.
Henry Ossawa Tanner
The Banjo Lesson 1893
Paul Cezanne
Still Life with Compotier, Pitcher, and Fruit. 1892-94
Francisco de Goya
Executions of the Third of May, 1808 1814-1815
scale
size in relation to a standard or "normal" size.
Normal size
the size we expect something to be.
Claes Oldenburg and Cooseje van Bruggen.
Plantoir 2001
Rene Magritte
Delusions of Grandeur II 1948
rhythm
based in repetition and it is a basic part of the world we find ourselves in.
Leonardo Da Vinci
Study of Human Proportions according to Vitruvius 1485-90
golden section
divides a length into two unequal segments in such a way that the smaller segment has the same ratio to the larger segment as the larger segment has to the whole.
golden ratio
1 to 1.618
Le Corbusier
The Modulor 1945 and Notre-Dame-du-Haut, 1950-55
Lorna Simpson.
Easy to remember 2001
Kaiho Yusho
Fish Nets Drying in the Sun. 17th Century
Paul Klee
Landscape with Yellow Birds 1923
Leon Battista Alberti
Facade of Sant' Andrea, Mantua 1470
Pablo Picasso
Girl Before a Mirror 1932
Hans Baldugn Grien
The Three Ages of Woman and Death, 1510
Titian
Venus with a Mirror 1555
mandala
a diagram of a cosmic realm. meaning circle in Sanskrit.
formalism
focuses on the formal elements of a work, especially its style.