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Chapter 7 - Trichology
Terms in this set (129)
the technical name for the study of hair is:
which of the following items is alive?
the cluster of cells in the epidermis from which the hair follicle forms is called the:
primitive hair germ
The root sheath of hair is typically oval or round in
wavy or straight hair
what item needs nourishment to grow into a fully developed hair follicle?
primitive hair germ
which of the following functions is NOT one of the main purposes of hair?
Which item produces oil and sends it up through the hair follicles to the surface of the skin?
Which section of the hair structure is the area where mitosis takes place?
the outer covering of the hair fiber is called the:
What does sebum mix with to form the acid mantle?
What layer of the hair fiber gives hair its pigment and elasticity?
which layer of hair may be absent in fine or very fine hair?
The helix or coil shape of what part of the hair follicle gives hair the ability to stretch?
Hair falls out during which stage of growth?
on the average, what stage of hair growth lasts from two to six years?
which of these factors does NOT affect hair growth?
which of these factors does NOT influence the behavior of hair?
the structural organization of hair can be affected by all of the following factors EXCEPT:
how is the protein in the cuticle different than the protein in the cortex?
which of the following statements describes fine hair?
may be up to 40% cuticle
which term describes bundles of a pigment protein complex called melanosomes?
melanin in brown and black hair is called
the amount and type of melanin produced is determined by:
people with lighter colored hair have melanin in the
a high concentration of pheomelanin will result in:
the degree of coarseness or fineness of the hair fiber is referred to as:
what condition is determined by the number of active hair follicles per square inch of scalp?
the ability of the hair to absorb moisture, liquids or chemicals is known as :
The ability of hair to stretch and return to its original length without breaking is referred to as hair:
Which type of porosity describes hair that is able to absorb the least amount of moisture, usually due to the closeness of the cuticle layers?
hair damage due to chemical services or environment is said to have:
normal dry hair is capable of being stretched to what fraction of its length?
wet hair is able to be stretched to what percent of its length?
Split hair ends start as cracks in the:
Fragilitis crinium is the technical name for:
An abraded cuticle can result from all of the following actions EXCEPT:
a term applied to matting of the hair is:
This hair condition may be caused by an inherited defect in the hair's keratin protein structure:
grayness or whiteness of hair is called
An abnormal coverage of hair on areas of the body where normally only lanugo or baby fine hair appears is a condition known as:
a condition in which beads or nodes form on the hair shaft is called:
a condition in which alternating bands of gray and dark hair exist is called:
Removal methods used for hirsuties range from tweezing to electrolysis, depending on all of the following factors EXCEPT:
salon professional's preference
the average head contains how many strands of hair per square inch of surface?
people with that color hair, on the average, have the fewest hair strands?
people with what color of hair, on the average, have the most hair strands?
the medical term for head lice is:
the medical term for chronic scalp condition with excess flaking, which accumulates on the scalp or falls to the shoulders is a disorder known as:
the medical term for greasy or waxy dandruff is :
what is the term applied to the baby fine hair that is shed shorty after birth?
the term used for excessive hair loss is known as:
the average daily hair loss is:
40 to 100 strands
the most common form of hair loss in both men and women is:
in androgenetic alopecia, a combonation of heredity, hormones and age causes:
the shrinking of scalp follicles
Alopecia, or excessive hair loss, may be caused by any one of the following EXCEPT:
Hair loss identification systems identify the:
Pattern and density of the clients hair
Hair loss caused by excessive stretching is called
Products claiming hair regrowth or hair loss prevention cannot be marketed without what agency's review and approval?
sudden hair loss in round or irregular patches without the display of an inflamed scalp is referred to as:
Which term is a temporary hair loss that occurs only in women?
the premature shedding of hair in the resting phase is:
Cleansing the scalp and hair by removing dirt, oils and product build-up is a purpose of
what should be done if a client has an infectious disease or disorder of the scalp?
refer the client to a physician
which term describes the scientific method if manipulating the body by rubbing, pinching, tapping, kneading or stroking with the hands, fingers or an instrument ?
when dealing with a client, a salon professional is responsible for all of the following items EXCEPT:
which of the following statements is NOT true about draping?
performed after shampooing is complete
What type of cape is generally used for shampooing, wet haircutting, wet styling or chemical services?
plastic or waterproof
Many regulating agencies require all of the following steps EXCEPT:
shampoo prior to draping
What kind of shampoos will make the hair dry and brittle?
shampoos with a high pH
Which type of water contains minerals and does not allow shampoo to lather freely?
brushing the hair prior to a shampoo service accomplishes all of the following EXCEPT:
decreasing blood circultion
which of the following statements is true of removing tangles from the hair?
start at the lowest point of the tangled area
Scalp massage involves manipulations performed on the scalp to relax the muscles and stimulate:
What kind of massage uses light, gliding strokes or circular motions made with the palms of the hands or pads of the fingertips?
What kind of massage uses heavy kneading and rolling of the muscles?
Light tapping or slapping massage movements are known as:
the most important scalp massage manipulation that stimulates the sebaceous glands is known as:
what type of shampoos cleanse the hair without correcting any special conditions
what type of shampoos are used to remove residue such as product build up?
what type of shampoos are especially good for cleansing lightened, color-treated or dry, brittle hair?
what type of conditioner helps close the cuticle after an alkaline chemical service?
Avoid giving a scalp massage prior to all of the following services EXCEPT:
shampooing healthy hair
what term is used to describe the combination of the sense of smell and the use of the plant extracts and their healing abilities ?
What type of rinse is used after a color service to prevent the color from fading?
When looking through a microscope, which portion of the hair would display living cells?
Hair grows from a tube-like "pocket" called a root sheath or a(n):
the diameter of the hair fiber will be the same as :
the inside diameter of the hair follicle
what is the natural flow of hair determined by?
The angle of the follicle
the two primary parts of the hair are the hair fiber and the :
what is the portion of the hair that extends above the skin's surface?
which of the following resembles the shape of the golf club and covers the follicle at the lower portion of the hair root?
Located at the bottom of the follicle and supplying nourishment to the germinal matrix is the:
The three major layers of the hair are the medulla, cortex and which of the following?
the pigment that gives hair its color is found primarily in the:
the layer of hair consisting of unique protein structures that gives hair most of its pigment and strength (elasticity) is called the :
the outer covering of the hair shaft made up of overlapping payers of transparent scales is called the:
Hair that has been pulled out from the roots can grow back under which of the following circumstances?
the papilla has not been destroyed
which of the following items helps protect the hair and skin from becoming too dry?
root sheath or follicle
what is formed when sebum produced by the oil glands mixes with the body's perspiration?
the muscle that causes the hair to stand up on the end when ta person is scared or cold is known as the:
Hair is made up primarily of:
the growing stage of hair lasts from :
2 to 6 years
Catagen, a brief transitional stage of hair growth, lasts for what amount of time?
only a few weeks
the hair growth stage when all cell division stops is the:
human hair, on average grows about :
1/2 inch (1.25 cm) per month
the lips , soles of feet , palms of hands and eyelids do not have:
Cilia is the technical term for:
which of the following is the hard , resistant layer of protein that protects the hair shaft?
the cross - section, or diameter, of the hair shaft is much larger in coarse hair than which of the following?
the large variety of hair color is influenced by the amount, size, and distribution of:
eumelanin and pheomelalin
What is the lack of pigmentation in the hair and skin called?
Gray hair is caused by
Reduced color pigment, melanin, in the cortex layer of the hair
the process of hair turning gray is usually caused by:
the natural aging process
small cracks in the cuticle and splitting the hair entirely are known as brittle hair, fragilitis crinium or:
Lumps or swelling along the hair shaft is known as trichorrhexis nodosa or:
a red, circular patch of small blisters caused by a vegetable parasite is also known as tinea or :
What scalp disease might be present if prior to a service several dry, yellow, encrusted areas on the scalp are noticed along with a peculiar odor?
Red, watery vesicles or pus-filled areas caused by an itch mite burrowing under the skin are known as:
Short, fine, non-pigmented hair that covers most of the body is called:
Long, thick pigmented hair such as scalp and eyebrow hair is referred to as:
Which procedural step is generally used to determine if hair loss may be identified as androgenetic alopecia?
ask questions about family history
There is a gradual conversion from terminal hair follicles to vellus-like follicles in clients with:
In men with androgenetic alopecia, male pattern baldness frequently takes the shape of:
a smaller diameter ponytail on female clients is a sign of:
Hair loss caused by excessive pulling or twisting on the hair or by chemical damage is called:
which of the following types of hair is likely to tangle more easily?
chemically treated hair
for medical and comfort
lean forward into the shampoo bowl
which of the following steps would occur last when performing a wet hair service inclusive of draping, shampooing and conditioning?
at what point should the condition of the clients hair and scalp be examined when performing a shampoo?
before shampooing the hair
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 7 Trichology Salon Fundamentals
Chapter 7 Trichology
Chapter 2 microbiology
Chapter 1 Professional Development
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