35 terms

The Washington Administration

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Inauguration
A ceremony where the president swears to uphold the constitution.
Precedent
A presidential example for future presidents.
Cabinet
A team of advisors that assists the president.
Gives president advice on finance and economics
Secretary of the Treasury
Gives president military advice
Secretary of War
In charge of law enforcement
Attorney General
National Bank
Bank created by Hamilton government deposited tax revenue, us bank issued paper money, loaned money to businesses, the gv't, etc.
Hamilton's compromise with the south:
South accepts debt consolidation, national capitol . built in the South.
Washington's Farewell Address
Washington advised the nation to stay neutral, against creation of political parties, TWO TERM PRESEDENCY!!!
Precedents
The cabinet
The title "Mr. President"
Two term limit for Presidents
Federalists
Loose construction of the constitution
Industry
Bank of the US
Supported England
Democratic Republicans
Strict constitution
Farming
Opposed bank
Supported France
Influence of the French Revolution
US had a treaty with France, and honoring it would have lead to another war with England
Washington's Farewell Address
Avoid alliances with foreign countries
Trade with as many countries as possible
Resist formation of political parties
Secretary of War
Henry Knox
Secretary of Treasury
Alexander Hamilton
Secretary of State
Thomas Jefferson
Attorney General
Edmond Randolph
Tariff
A special tax added to imported goods to raise the price, thereby protecting American businesses and workers from foreign competition.
Whiskey Rebellion
- farmers in Pennsylvania rebelled against Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey; the army, led by Washington, put down the rebellion; showed that the new government under the Constitution could react swiftly and effectively to such a problem
Washington D.C.
The Nation's capital that was decided by a compromise
Federalists
Federalists were those who favored the stronger federal government. Federalists were often more wealthy, better organized, and more educated than antifederalists. They enjoyed powerful figures such as Alexander Hamilton, Benjamin Franklin and George Washington.
Jeffersonian Republicans
Pro French, farmers, strong state governments, low taxes, individual rights, small national government. Beleived that the common man should hold power.
Jay's Treaty
Helped prevent war with Britain. A treaty between the U.S. and Britain which said that the U.S. would favor Britain over France in issues dealing with commerce and diplomacy.
Policy of Neutrality
Washington's policy to keep america out of a war with France and England. Not taking sides in a dispute between countries.
Judiciary
the system of law courts that administer justice and constitute the judicial branch of government
Precedents
Standards or guides based on prior decisions that serve as a rule for settling similar disputes
Cabinet
persons appointed by a head of state to head executive departments of government and act as official advisers
Assumption
the act of taking possession of or power over something. Hamilton proposed "assuming" or taking over the debts of the states by the national government.
Two Party System
An electoral system with two dominant parties that compete in national elections.
Tariff
tax on imported goods
Excise Tax
a tax on the production or sale of a good
Neutrality
policy of supporting neither side in a war
Interpretation
an explanation of something that is not immediately obvious such as the meaning of certain parts of the Constitution
Debt
money or goods or services owed by individuals, states, or nations

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