19 terms

Jefferson Administration

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Thomas Jefferson
the third president of the United States
election of 1800
resulted in a deadlock between Jefferson and Burr; House of Reps was called in to vote, but still resulted in deadlock after 35 ballots
Hamilton
he stepped in after the deadlock and convinced federalists to cast blank votes so that Jefferson would win the majority vote
Aaron Burr
the third vice president of the U.S.
The Duel
the event in which Burr challenged Hamilton to a duel and kills him after Hamilton follows him to N.Y.
deadlock
the problem in the 1800 election that lead to the 12th amendment
12th amendment
called for electors to cast separate ballots for pres. and v.p. to avoid deadlocks
simple presidency
Jefferson favored this style of government
John Marshall
the Federalist chief justice appointed by Adams (served for more than 30 years)
Judiciary Act of 1801
Adams had pushed this act through Congress; increased the number of federal judges by 16
midnight judges
the judges that Adams appointed to fill the new federal judge positions on the last day of his administration
Marbury v. Madison
one of the most important Supreme Court decisions; in which Marbury sued to enforce the provision that the Supreme Court must order the delivery of his papers, but Marshall deemed the provision unconstitutional because the Constitution did not empower to Supreme Court to issue such orders
James Madison
Jefferson's secretary of state whose duty it was to deliver the appointment papers according to the Judiciary Act of 1789
judicial review
the ability of the Supreme Court to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional
James Monroe
the American ambassador whom Jefferson sent with Robert Livingston to Paris to negotiate buying New Orleans and western Florida from the French
Louisiana Purchase
the $15 million deal that Monroe and Livingston closed to gain all the land west of the Mississippi; doubled the size of the U.S.; Jefferson doubted whether the deal was constitutional
Napoleon Bonaparte
had persuaded Spain to return the Louisiana territory which alarmed Americans who feared a strong French presence would force the U.S. into an alliance with Britian
Embargo Act
1807 act which ended all of America's importation and exportation. Jefferson hoped the act would pressure the French and British to recognize U.S. neutrality rights in exchange for U.S. goods. Really, however, just hurt Americans and our economy and got repealed in 1809.
Lewis and Clark Expedition
an expedition sent by Thomas Jefferson to explore the northwestern territories of the United States
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