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Virginia Studies, Colonial VA
Our Virginia, 4th grade, Chapter 4
Terms in this set (49)
The economy of the VA Colony depended on
agriculture as a primary source of wealth.
The successful planting of tobacco depended on a steady and inexpensive source of labor, so Virginia became dependent upon ______ labor
The culture of colonial VA reflected beliefs, customs and architecture of what three groups?
European Immigrants (English, Scots-Irish, German)
People that move from one country to another to make a new start.
Being attacked for your beliefs
Whenever people settle an area, they change the culture and landscape to reflect their ____, ____ and ______.
architecture. beliefs, and customs.
To move from one place to another with the hopes of building a new life.
Examples of architecture that reflect different cultures include:
places of worship (churches).
Give examples of Virginia place names that the reflect culture of the English, American Indians and Germans -
English - Richmond
American Indian - Roanoke
German - Strasburg
How did the English language change in colonial Virginia?
As Virginians and Indians traded, Indian words like raccoon and moccasin became a part of our vocabulary.
English and other Europeans settled primarily in which regions?
the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) and Piedmont Regions
Germans and Scots-Irish settled primarily in which region?
the Shenandoah Valley, which was along the migration route
Africans were settled primarily in which regions?
the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) and Piedmont Regions, where tobacco agriculture required a great deal of labor
Jamestown was Virginia's capital from 1607 to 1698.
Why was the capital moved from Jamestown to Williamsburg?
Drinking water was contaminated by seepage of salt water;
Unhealthy living conditions caused diseases;
Fire destroyed wooden and brick statehouse building at Jamestown
Made unsafe for drinking. A spread of filth or germs.
A capital is a city or town that is the site of a state or country government
A capitol is a special building in a capital for lawmakers and government offices.
In 1699 the General Assembly ordered the construction of the first American "capitol" in Williamsburg.
What crop was used as money in colonial Virginia?
Tobacco was used as money. A tobacco farmer could use his tobacco to pay for goods and services.
Farmers and other consumers could also buy goods and services on credit and pay their debts when their crops were harvested and sold.
What is credit?
buying a good or service now and paying for it later.
a good, service, or amount of money owed to another.
Money put away to be used at another time.
Name some natural resources that colonists used to provide food, clothing, and shelter?
List some Human Resources or skills that colonists used to survive in colonial Virginia:
They had to hunt, gather, sew, and cook.
They planted, weeded and harvested their food.
They wove cloth, sheared sheep, and built their own furniture.
Name some Capital Resources that helped colonists earn a living and care for their families.
barrels to hold tobacco
ships to transport goods to Europe
tools to help farm crops and weave cloth
Describe the housing of colonists in Virginia
most people lived in one-room homes with dirt floors;
some people (farmers) lived in large houses
Where did colonists get their clothing and what was the clothing made of?
households made their own clothes;
most clothing was made of cotton, wool and leather
How did most white Virginians make their living in colonial Virgnia?
Most white Virginians made their living from the land as small farmers. A few owned large farms (plantations).
What did most enslaved African Americans do in colonial Virginia?
Most enslaved African Americans worked tobacco, crops, and livestock. Enslaved African Americans had no rights.
Did free African Americans have rights?
Some free African Americans owned their own business and property, but were denied most rights.
What is a cash crop?
A crop that is grown to sell for money
What group became the main source of free labor for the planting and growing tobacco?
How much were African slaves paid for their labor?
In which geographic regions of Virginia did the English settle?
Tidewater and Piedmont
The Germans and Scotch Irish settled in the ____ Valley
Africans settled in the ____ and ____ regions where agriculture required a great deal of labor.
Tidewater and Piedmont
In which geographic regions did the American Indians live?
Tidewater, Piedmont, and Appalachian Plateau
Whch city was the first capital of Virginia?
What is the name of the second capital of Virginia?
Why was the capital move from Jamestown to Williamsburg?
Jamestown had bad water, dirty living condidtions, disease; fire destroyed most of the city. Williamsburg had clean water and was clean and nice.
Which city is the capital of Virginia now?
Why was the capital moved from Williamsburg to Richmond?
Richmond was easier to protect from the British, a more central location, and a better location for trade.
What is money?
Currency, coins and bills of a country
What is barter?
Trading of goods and services without money
What is credit?
Buying a good and service now and paying for it later
What is debt?
a good or service owed to another
What is saving?
Money put away to save or to spend at a later time
Why did the Virginia colonists barter instead of using money
few people had paper money and coins
Which crop was used as money a Virginia colonists?
How many banks were there in colonial Virginia?
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