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Arranging words or clauses in a sequence of increasing force


Repetition of the same word or group of words at the beginning of successive clauses, sentences, or lines


A logical refutation


A statement that is self-contradictory on the surface, yet seems to evoke a truth nonetheless


Three parallel elements of the same length occurring together in a series


Bringing together various points made throughout a speech and presenting them again in a forceful, climactic way


The omission of conjunctions between clauses, often resulting in a hurried rhythm or vehement effect


"Talking around" something, usually by supplying a descriptive phrase in place of a name. Rhetorically useful as euphemisms, as a method of amplification, or to hint at something without stating it


A sustained metaphor continued through whole sentences or even through a whole discourse


An expression that, in addition to an obvious meaning, carries a second, subtle meaning (often at variance with the ostensible meaning)


Rejecting an argument through ridiculous comparison


Proving a statement by referring to common knowledge or general experience


Graphic peristasis (description of circumstances) intended to arouse the emotions


Comparison and contrast in parallel clauses


Repetition of ideas in inverted order


A stylistic affectation of diction, such as throwing in foreign words to appear learned; bad taste in words or selection of metaphor, either to make the facts appear worse or to disgust the auditors


The asking of multiple questions successively (which would together require a complex reply). A rhetorical use of the question


Giving a name to something which diminishes it in importance. A kind of meiosis


The amending of a term or phrase just employed; or, a futher specifying of meaning, especially by indicating what something is not (which may occur either before or after the term or phrase used)


Calling to memory past matters; citing a past author from memory

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