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30 terms

APUSH Chapter 20 Vocabulary

mr barberree ch 20
STUDY
PLAY
Sumter
the federal fort in South Carolina that was attacked on April 12th, 1861, and subsequently provoked the North to a fighting pitch.
Trent Affair
the 1861 incident with Great Britain in which two Confederate diplomats were seized from a British ship.
Alabama
a new major crisis in Anglo-American relations arose in 1862 over the unneutral building in England of this Confederate warship.
Britain
the Laird rams were eventually purchased by this navy to avoid an 1863 Anglo-American crisis.
bounty broker or substitute broker
a citizen of the North who "found" volunteers for the Union army was given this nickname.
Corn or Wheat
circumstances during the Civil War years forced King Cotton to step down to King ___________.
William H. Seward
Lincoln began his precarious term as president by appointing this man as secretary of state.
Jefferson Davis
the Civil War leader who was constantly challenged by states' rights politicians and who was even threatened with impeachment.
Northern conscription law
the Union law of 1863 that allowed someone to pay $300 instead of serving in the army.
Charles Francis Adams
the U.S. minister to England during the Civil War who kept the pressure on the British government to pay for destroyed shipping.
Morill Tariff Act
the 1861 tariff that boosted duties to about the level of the Walker Tariff of 1846.
Ulysses S. Grant
the North had to use costly trial and error methods until it uncovered this effective general.
Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson
the Virginia Military Institute's instructor who was Robert E. Lee's chief lieutenant.
Border States
the group of slave states that decided not to join the Confederacy.
Laird rams
the two Confederate warships built by Britain that were designed to destroy wooden Union ships with their iron rams.
Emperor Maximilian
the Austrian nobleman who served as France's puppet leader of Mexico during the Civil War.
Napoleon III
the European leader who was openly unfriendly to the Union during the Civil War.
Dominion of Canada
the political entity created by the British Parliament in 1867 to help one group of British subjects defend themselves against the U.S.
National Banking System
the system created in 1863 to stimulate the sale of government bonds and to establish a standard banknote currency.
naval blockade
not only were Confederate imports and exports stopped, but Southern morale was shattered by this northern strategy.
Confederate draft law
under this law, a rich man could hire a substitute or purchase an exemption; a slave owner with 20 slaves might also claim exemption.
Northern conscription law
riots broke out in 1863 in New York City over this "unfair" federal law.
runaway inflation
as revenue began to dry up, the Confederate government was forced to print blue-backed paper money with complete abandon. As Southern presses continued to grind out poorly-backed treasury notes, it caused this to happen.
Robert E. Lee
the talented Virginian unofficially offered command of the Northern army in 1861 who chose instead to go with Virginia to the South.
William H. Seward
the Lincoln administration official charged with the responsibility of explaining to the public why the Union must release two Confederate diplomats seized from a British ship.
Britain
in all, Confederate commerce destroyers captured more than 250 Yankee ships. Most of these Confederate ships were built in ___________.
shoddy millionaires
the nickname given to wealthy Northerners who put profit above patriotism by making millions selling substandard goods to the army.
greenbacks
the Civil War Union currency which fluctuated with the nation's credit which in turn fluctuated with the army's success or failure.
habeas corpus
the precious privilege suspended by President Lincoln so that anti-Unionists might be summarily arrested.
Edwin M. Stanton
the arrogant, irascible, vindictive, and double-dealing Democrat who Lincoln named as his secretary of war.