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A figure of speech in which an animal, object, or idea is given human charateristics.


Repetition of initial consonant sounds.


The repetition of the same or similar sounds, usually in stressed syllables at the ends of lines.


Beat created by the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in spoken or written language.


The use of words or phrases whose sounds suggest their meanings. The sound of the word boom, for example, suggests an explosion.

End rhyme

Rhyme that occurs at the end of lines.

Internal rhyme

Rhyme that occurs within a single line of poetry.


A group of lines in a poem set off by blank lines.


A person, place, an object, or an action that stands for something beyond itself.


A figure of speech that uses like or as to make a direct comparison between two unlike ideas.


Direct comparison between two unlike things. It does not use the words like or as.


Fiqure of speech in which the truth is exaggerated for emphasis or humorous effect.

Free Verse

Poetry written without a regular rhyme scheme, meter, or form.


Language that appeals to the five senses---touch, taste, smell, hearing, and sight.

Lyric poem

Short poem that directly expresses the poets thoughts and emotions in a musical way.

Narrative poem

Poem that tells a story.


A humorous play on two or more meanings of the same word or on two different words with the same sound.

Rhyme scheme

The sequence in which the rhyme occurs. The first end sound is represented as the letter a, the second b, etc.


A type of literature that uses the sounds, rhythms, and meaning of words to describe the world in striking and imaginative ways.

Sound devices

Techniques used to create a sense of rhythm or to emphasize particular sounds in writing.


Regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables that gives a line of poetry a predictable rhythm.

Figurative language

The use of words to create an image in the reader's mind.


The feeling or atmosphere created by the writer.


A phrase or expression whose meaning is different from what the words say literally.


A literary device where a physical object represents something else.


A technique in which the same word or line is repeated for emphasis or unity. Helps to reinforce meaning and create an appealing rhythm.


Stanza or line that is repeated throughout the poem.


The ideas and feelings assosiated with the word as opposed to its dictionary meaning.


Two consecutive lines of verse with end rhymes.

Stanza break

A blank line that signals that one stanza has ended and a new stanza is beginning.


A humorous, rhyming, 5 line poem with a specific meter and rhyme scheme.

Concrete poem

A poem with a shape that suggests its subject.


A Japanese form of poetry, consisting of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables.

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