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Abdomen - Penny Book 2011 - 3.2 - Anatomy and Physiology of the Bile Ducts
Terms in this set (20)
What organ is responsible for producing bile?
What is bile composed of?
Bile salts (formed from cholesterol)
Bile pigments (bilirubin)
Electrolytes (Na+, K+, Ca2+, Cl-, and HCO3-)
What is the function of the biliary tree?
Allows bile to drain from the liver into the small intestines
Bile first accumulates in the small ______________ that are located throughout the
Intrahepatic biliary radicles
Intrahepatic biliary radicles are tiny ducts that are scattered throughout the
liver parenchyma and are part of the _________
Each portal triad contains a small branch of the ______________ , ___________ , and ________
Intrahepatic duct (biliary radicle).
Where does the bile travel once it leaves the intrahepatic biliary radicles?
Either the right or the left hepatic duct
The right and left hepatic ducts eventually unite to form the _______________
Common hepatic duct
Where does bile travel once it leaves the common hepatic duct?
What is the function of the gallbaldder?
Stores and concentrates bile
The gallbladder is attached to the biliary tree by the _________________
What area marks the proximal margin of the common bile duct?
The point of attachment of the cystic duct to the gallbladder
What are the names of the structures within the cystic duct that prevent it from collapsing and distending?
Spiral valves of Heister
What hormone is responsible for contraction of the gallbladder?
Where is cholecystokinin produced?
What is the name of the junction between the common bile duct and the main pancreatic duct?
Ampulla of Vater
What is another name for the ampulla of Vater?
What two substances mix in the ampulla of Vater?
Pancreatic juices and bile
The _______________is the opening that allows bile and pancreatic juices to flow into the duodenum.
Sphincter of Oddi
What is another name for the sphincter of Oddi?
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