Outcome 2: History of U.S. Goverment
Terms in this set (46)
Declaration of Independence
Signed in 1776 by US revolutionaries; it declared the United States as a free state since Great Britain had denied the colonies their basic rights.
Articles of Confederation
1st Constitution of the U.S. 1781-1788 (weaknesses-no executive, no judicial, no power to tax, no power to regulate trade)
Albany Plan of Union
plan proposed by Benjamin Franklin in 1754 that aimed to unite the 13 colonies for trade, military, and other purposes; the plan was turned down by the colonies and the Crown
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
supporters of the Constitution
Reasons the Federalists supported the Constitution
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation and the need for a stronger government
people who opposed the Constitution
Why Anti-Federalists opposed the Constitution
they feared removal of the states power; lack of individual rights
Group of delegates who drafted the United States Constitution at the Philadelphia Convention in 1787
Charactersistics of the Framers
Well educated with previous experience in government or civil service
A person who is chosen or elected to represent a person or group
A system of government in which citizens elect representatives, or leaders, to make decisions about the laws for all the people.
A legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
A principle of constitutional government; a government whose powers are defined and limited by a constitution.
fair treatment through the normal judicial system, especially as a citizen's entitlement. (Life, Liberty, Property)
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
A change to the Constitution
to cancel a law
Formal approval, final consent to the effectiveness of a constitution, constitutional amendment, or treaty
A group of advisers to the president.
The power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional
Criticism of Judicial Review
It gives courts too much power to "make" laws
Preamble to the Constitution
Introduction to the U.S. Constitution, establishing the goals and purposes of government
Rule of Law
principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern; No one is above the law
the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president
A belief that ultimate power resides in the people.
A formal agreement between two or more sovereign states
a document constituting a fundamental guarantee of rights and privileges-limit the power of the king
English Bill of Rights
document that gave England a government based on a system of laws and a freely elected parliament- Influenced the U.S. Bill of Rights
Stamp Act Congress
held in New York, protested by agreeing to not import British goods until Stamp Act was repealed
State represenatation in Congress under Article of Confederation
One delegate per state
Compromise between northern and southern states at the Constitutional Convention that three-fifths of the slave population would be counted for determining direct taxation and representation in the House of Representatives. (5 slaves= 3 people)
"Large state" proposal for the new constitution, calling for proportional representation in both houses of a bicameral Congress.
New Jersey Plan
"Small state" proposal at the Constitutional Convention that called for equal representation of each state in Congress regardless of the state's population.
created two houses of congress, one where the number of votes determined the population of each state (House of Representatives) and one where each state had equal votes (Senate) (Combines Virginia and New Jersey Plan)
Fears of the U.S. Constitution
The president gaining and abusing power
Failure of the Articles of Confederation
The Articles of Confederation were too weak to run a successful country. It did not declare a military(and was almost overthrown by a couple men-Shay's Rebellion), it had no national court system, no executive branch, no ability to collect tax, no central currency, and in order to amend the Articles all colonies had to agree (which was nearly impossible).
Rebellion led by Daniel Shays of farmers in western Massachusetts in 1786-1787, protesting mortgage foreclosures. It highlighted the need for a strong national government just as the call for the Constitutional Convention went out.
Example of a Presidential Check on Congress
Veto laws created by Congress
Marbury v. Madison
This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review
Vote needed to amend the Constitution
2/3 Vote in Congress
Organization of the Constitution
Preamble, 7 articles, 27 amendments
Reasons for the vagueness of the Constitution
The Framers wanted to keep the constitution flexible to more easily fit with the times throughout many years.
Not mentioned in the Constitution-organization that tries to influence gov. policy by promoting its ideas and backing candidates for office
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Outcome 6: Voting Rights and Behaviors
Outcome 4: Political Parties
Outcome 3: Federalism
Dobbs U.S. Constitution Test
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Executive branch test