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Outcome 3: Federalism
Terms in this set (22)
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
(National)Federal law is supreme over state or local law
Full Faith and Credit Clause
Constitution's requirement that each state accept the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state
Privileges and Immunities Clause
Part of Article IV of the Constitution guaranteeing that the citizens of each state are afforded the same rights as citizens of all other states.
Federal grants-in-aid that allow states considerable discretion or control in how the funds are spent (Not as many strings attatched)
Federal grants that can be used only for specific purposes, or "categories," of state and local spending. They come with strings attached, such as nondiscrimination provisions.
one type of federal grants-in-aid; made for specific projects to States, localities, and private agencies who apply for them, often times used for research.
Formal Amendement Process and Federalism
Amendments are proposed by Congress (national level) and ratified by the states.
Power of a government to take private property for public use.
Roles of the Governor
Chief Legislator: Recommends policy initiatives to state legislators and coordinates with state agencies that administer programs and implement policies
Crisis Manager: Leadership during natural disaster
Extraditing (returning) fugitives to the state where they commited the crime.
Interstate Compact Clause
States may enter into mutual agreements subject to congressional approval but not treaties with other nations.
Reason for Federalism
To prevent the abuse of power
Ways the States help the National Government
Running/organizing elections, naturalization process, control/issue lisences
Those delegated powers of the National Government that are spelled out, expressly, in the Constitution; also called the "enumerated powers" (Black and White)
Powers inferred from the express powers that allow Congress to carry out its functions. (elastic)
Powers the Constitution is presumed to have delegated to the National Government because it is the government of a sovereign state within the world community. (Powers that exist because the country exists.)
Powers given to the state government alone
Powers held jointly by the national and state governments.
Separation of Powers
the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
Rule of Law
No one is above the law, including the government
Numbered sections of a document. The unamended Constitution is divided into seven articles.
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