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42 terms

Ancient Civilizations- Prehistory

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Stone Age
Began with the appearance of stone tools. Divided into 2 main phases- Paleolithic and Neolithic
Neolithic age
Humans settled down into mud hut villages and a farming and ranching lifestyle
Homosapiens
"Wise Man"- 2 species: Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons
Neanderthals
Named because fossil bones were found in Neander Vally in Germany in 1856
Neanderthal Characteristics
- Couldn't speak
- Thick brow
- Short life expectancy
Lascaux and Altamira
Cave painting sites discovered in the 19th century
Animism
Belief that elements of nature have souls or spirits
Homosapien Sapiens
"Doubly Wise Men"
Cro-Magnons
Named after the site in France where the first fossils were found in 1868
Cro-Magnon Characteristics
-Could speak
-Smaller brow (more human like)
-Longer life expectancy
Paleolithic Age
Began with first use of tools. Nomadic hunters hunted and gathered food in small tribes. Lived in caves.
Archeologists
People who excavate fossils and artifacts
Anthropologists
Specialize in artifacts and human fossils
Paleontologists
Experts in non-human remains
Domesticated
Tamed
Jericho
First village n history- probalby started as early as 9000 BC. Nearly 3000 people
Catal Huyuk
Second village in history- developed in 7500 BC. Nearly 800 people
Bipedalism
Ability to walk on two feet
Darwinism
Evolution
Intelligent Design
Humans evolved from apes but were pushed along by "something" or "someone"
Charles Darwin
19th century biologist
Evolution
Suggests that humans evolved from apes
Creationism
Described in the Bible, Christions believe that God made the humans
Artifacts
Objects created by humans
Fossils
Imprints of long dead animals or plants
Prehistory
Before written records were made
Historians
Specialists who examine the written records of humans to explain the development of various cultures
Landform
Feature of the Earth's surface
Hemisphere
Half of the Earth ( N,S,W,E )
Prime Meridian
Center line of longitude (0 degrees)
Longitude
Imaginary lines around the earth from North to South
Latitude
Imaginary lines around the earth from east to west
Equator
Center line of latitude ( 0 degrees )
Timeline
Chart that shows a sequence of events
Age/Era
Unknown amount of years
Millennium
1000 years
Century
100 years
Decade
10 years
A.D.
Anno Domini- Dates occurring after Jesus' birth
B.C.
Before Christ- Dates occurring before the birth of Jesus
Chronology
Method to record time
Neolithic Revolution
The transition from a hunting/gathering existence to a farming/ranching life