Began with the appearance of stone tools. Divided into 2 main phases- Paleolithic and Neolithic
Humans settled down into mud hut villages and a farming and ranching lifestyle
"Wise Man"- 2 species: Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons
Named because fossil bones were found in Neander Vally in Germany in 1856
- Couldn't speak
- Thick brow
- Short life expectancy
Lascaux and Altamira
Cave painting sites discovered in the 19th century
Belief that elements of nature have souls or spirits
"Doubly Wise Men"
Named after the site in France where the first fossils were found in 1868
-Smaller brow (more human like)
-Longer life expectancy
Began with first use of tools. Nomadic hunters hunted and gathered food in small tribes. Lived in caves.
People who excavate fossils and artifacts
Specialize in artifacts and human fossils
Experts in non-human remains
First village n history- probalby started as early as 9000 BC. Nearly 3000 people
Second village in history- developed in 7500 BC. Nearly 800 people
Ability to walk on two feet
Humans evolved from apes but were pushed along by "something" or "someone"
19th century biologist
Suggests that humans evolved from apes
Described in the Bible, Christions believe that God made the humans
Objects created by humans
Imprints of long dead animals or plants
Before written records were made
Specialists who examine the written records of humans to explain the development of various cultures
Feature of the Earth's surface
Half of the Earth ( N,S,W,E )
Center line of longitude (0 degrees)
Imaginary lines around the earth from North to South
Imaginary lines around the earth from east to west
Center line of latitude ( 0 degrees )
Chart that shows a sequence of events
Unknown amount of years
Anno Domini- Dates occurring after Jesus' birth
Before Christ- Dates occurring before the birth of Jesus
Method to record time
The transition from a hunting/gathering existence to a farming/ranching life
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