Chapter 3 pivot point cosmetology
Terms in this set (261)
Muscles that separate the fingers, pulls apart
Muscles that pull fingers together, pull together
transmitters of nerve impulses toward the CNS; also known as sensory nerves., carry messages from brain to spinal cord,determine sense of touch,sight, smell, hearing and taste
Constructive metabolism; the process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones during metabolism
Study of organs and systems of the body,what you can see with the naked eye
Branch of the facial artery that supplies blood to the side of the nose.
toward the front , term to describe in front of
Artery that supplies blood to the anterior (front) part of the ear
Anterior dilatator naris
One of four muscles in nose that controls expansion and contraction of nostrils
Tendon that connects frontalis and occipitalis muscle
arrector pili muscle
An involuntary muscle fiber attached to the underside & base of the hair follicle , aids in secretion of sebum, most involuntary muscle in the body
Tubular, elastic, thick-walled vessel carries pure blood from heart to body (pure blood-oxygenated)
Upper right and left chambers of the heart, aka atrium
Muscle located in front of the ear
Muscle located behind the ear
Muscle located above the ear
Nerve that extends to the ear, and to the area to the top of the head to the temple
Autonomic nervous system
The part of the peripheral nervous system that controls the glands and the muscles of the internal organs.
Long and short threadlike fibers that extend from the nerve cells
Part of a muscle, middle part
Primary muscle of the front of the upper arm, raises the forearm
Sticky, salty fluid that circulates throughout the body. It carries nourishment and oxygen and toxins and waste products.
Any vessels through which blood circulates throughout the body arteries, veins, and capillaries
A group of body structures or organs that work together to perform a specific function.
Composed of 2/3 mineral matter and 1/3 organic matter. Produces red and white blood cells. Also stores calcium.
Organ that controls the nervous system. It could be referred to as the command center. Weight is 44-48 ounces
Nerve that extends to the muscle of the mouth.
Muscle located between jaws and cheeks, responsible for blowing
Muscle located at corner of the mouth,raises the angle of the mouth as when snarling
Small vessels that take nutrients and oxygen from arteries to cells and waste products from cells to veins.
Involuntary muscle tissue found only in the heart.
a collection of organs that transport blood throughout the body , responsible for circulating blood, contains, heart, arteries, veins and capillaries
8 small bones held together by ligaments that form wrist
Breaking down larger molecules into smaller one, a phase of metabolism
Basic unit of living matter
Outer surface of a cell
Central Nervous System
Composed of brain and spinal cord and spinal and cranial nerves. Responsible for all voluntary body action
Area of brain responsible for control and coordination of muscle movement
cerebrospinal nervous system
Composed of brain and spinal cord, responsible for all voluntary body actions. Aka central nervous system
Area of the brain responsible for mental activity. Located in upper front portion of the cranium.
Cervical cutaneous nerve
Extends to the side and the front of the neck to the breastbone
Extends to the muscles on the side of the neck
First seven neck bones
Circulatory system (vascular)
Controls and circulates the blood and the lymph through the body
Bones that form area from throat to the shoulder, aka collar bone
Common carotid arteries
Main arteries located on either side of neck, supply blood to head, face and neck, they split and become two internal and two external
Supports, protects, and holds the body together
Muscle located between eyebrows, controls eyebrows, drawing them in and downward
Consists of eight bones that form top and side of the head, encloses and protects the brain. Takes care of primary sensory organs
Middle part of a cell, production department of a cell, where most cell activity takes place. Cyto Latin for cell
Muscle that covers the shoulder, triangular shaped, lifts and turns the arm
Short nerve fibers responsible for receiving messages sent to the nerve cells
Muscle that draws down or depresses
One of the four muscles located on inside of nose, controls expansion and contraction of the nostrils
Large, flat muscle at the bottom of the chest cavity that helps with breathing
Breaks down food into simpler chemical compound that can be absorbed by cells.
Mixed nerve of the arm and hand that extend to the fingers. Motor and sensory nerves together.
Fingers or toes aka phalanges
Muscle that opens, enlarges or expands
Canal-like structure that deposits its contents on the surface of the skin.
Specialized gland of the endocrine system. It releases hormones.
Aka motor nerve ; carries messages from the brain to the muscle to produce movement
Body system composed of ductless glands that regulate and control growth, reproduction, and the health of the body.
Secretions from the salivary glands, aka spit. Assists in breaking down food.
Consists of all the structures above the cranium. Bones, muscles,tendon.
Broad muscle formed by two muscles that are joined by a tendon, aponeurosis.
Covers and protects body surfaces. Aka skin, placenta, pericardium
Aka red blood cells, they carry oxygen
Tube that goes from pharynx to the stomach
Spongy bone between the eyes, it forms the nasal cavity
Elimination of waste products from the body. Elimination of sweat. Part of the excretory system.
Body system that eliminates solid, liquid and gaseous waste products from the body. Skin, liver and kidneys.
A muscle located in mid-forearm. Extends arm out and straightens fingers and wrist.
external carotid artery
Supplies blood to the skin and muscles of the head.
Vein that collects blood from head, face and neck.
Artery that supplies blood to the lower portion of the face including the mouth and nose.
Aka external maxillary artery; supplies blood to lower portion of the face.
Nerve that emerges from the brain at the lower portion of the ear, it's the primary motor nerve of the face. Aka the seventh cranial nerve
Fourteen bones that compose the front of the skull.
Fifth cranial nerve
The largest of the cranial nerves, aka trifacial or trigeminal
Plate shaped bones located in the skull
Muscles that are used to paddle feet or to bend wrists for waving
Bone that forms the forehead
Artery that supplies blood to the forehead.
Muscle of the forehead; it raises the eyebrows or draws scalp forehead
Organs in the body which certain substances are separated from the blood and changed into secretions for the body.
Greater auricular nerve
Extends to the sides of the neck and external ear
Greater occipital nerve
Study of structures that can be seen with the naked eye
Cone shaped muscular organ, located in chest cavity. Normally about the size of a closed fist weighing 8 to 10 ounces
Normal heart beats 60-80 times per minute
protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen, attracts oxygen
Study of the structures of the body too small to be seen except through a microscope aka microscopic anatomy
Largest bone of upper arm, extends from the elbow to the shoulder
substance produced by the stomach; necessary for digestion of food
a U-shaped bone in the neck that supports the tongue. Base of tongue, aka Adam's apple
Artery that supplies the lower lip with blood
Below or smaller
Extends to the lower eyelid,side of nose, upper lip and mouth
Portion of the muscle joined to the moveable attachment
The skin and its layers, (hair and nails )
Internal carotid artery
Supplies blood to brain, eyes and forehead
Vein that collects blood from head , face and neck
Aka non-striated muscles, respond automatically
Wrists, ankle and spinal column
A place in the body where two bones come together
Internal and external , all the blood in the head, face and neck return to the heart by the jugular veins
Organ that receives urea from the liver. It eliminates water and waste.
Lower eye sockets, two smallest bones of the facial skeleton, inner bottom wall of the eye socket
Stores undigested food or elimination
Muscle covering the middle and lower back, rotates the shoulders and controls swinging of the arms
Aka auricle; upper left chamber of the heart
lower left heart chamber
Lesser occipital nerve
Extends to the muscles in the back of the skull
White blood cells
muscle that raises or elevates a part
levator palpebrae superioris
elevates upper eyelid, opens eye
Carries food, waste products and hormones.
Organ that removes toxic byproducts of digestion
Found in arms and legs
Spongy respiratory organs; composed of cells into which air enters during inhalation
Colorless liquid produced by a byproduct in the process of plasma passing nourishment to the capillaries,reaches the parts of body that blood can't
Glands that filter out toxic substances like bacteria
the network of vessels through which lymph drains from the tissues into the blood. Picks up leaked fluid and plasma proteins and returns them to the cardiovascular system. It filters toxins.
lower jaw bone , largest bone in face
Mandibular nerve branch
Main nerve branch to the lower third of the face
Marginal mandibular nerve
Muscle that closes the hinge of the jaw
the two fused bones forming the upper jaw
Maxillary nerve branch
Main nerve branch to the middle third of the face
Extends down the mid forearm to the hand
Connects parts of the brain to the spinal column
Nerve that affects the skin of the lower lip and chin.
Muscle located at the tip of the chin, used for pouting or expressing doubt
Chemical process in which cells receive food for cell growth and reproduction
Five long thin bones that form the palm of the hand
Artery that supplies blood to the temples
Nerves that perform both sensory and motor functions
Carry messages from brain to muscle, produces movement
Fibrous tissue that contracts when stimulated by messages carried by the nervous system to produce movement
Supports the skeleton, produces body movement, contours body, involved in functions of other body systems
Study of the structure, function and diseases of the muscles
Two bones that join to form the bridge of the nose
Extends to the tip and lower side of the nose
One of the four muscles located inside the nose, controls contracting and expansion of the nostrils
Cell with long and short threadlike fibers called axons, responsible for sending messages aka neuron
Appears at the end of the axons, connects neuron to muscle
Carries messages to and from the brain and coordinates body functions
Coordinates and controls the overall operation of the body
Study of the nervous system
Control center of the cell
Protruding bone right below the crest area
Supplies blood to the skin and muscles of the scalp and back of the head up to the crown.
The muscle located in the nape of the neck that draws the scalp back
Main nerve branch to top third of face
Closes the eye, muscle that circles eye sockets
Aka involuntary muscles, found internally
Causes thumb to move toward fingers to grab
Separate body structure that performs specific functions; it is composed of two or more body tissues
Nonmoving or fixed portion of the muscle massage from insertion to origin
Muscle that circles the mouth, responsible for kissing, puckering
Study of bones
Two bones that form the roof of the mouth
Two bones that form the crown and sides of the head
Can be major or minor, muscles that extend across front of chest, assist in swinging arms
Membrane around the heart, protects the heart
14 bones that form the digits of fingers and toes,3 phalanges in each finger and and toe with the exception of 2 in big toe and thumb
Passageway at back of the mouth for air and food
Study of the functions of the bodily organs and systems perform
Fluid part of the blood in which red and white blood cells and blood platelets are suspended and carried throughout the body. Plasma is about 90% water
Thrombocytes; responsible for clotting of blood
Supplies blood to crown and sides of head
peripheral nervous system
Composed of sensory and motor nerves that extend from the brain and spinal cord to other parts of the body
Muscle that extends from the tip of the chin to the shoulders and chest and depresses the lower jaw and lip, as in expressing sadness
Portion of the skull that connects other parts of the brain to the spinal column and is located below the cerebrum and directly in front of the cerebellum
Term to describe behind or in back of
Posterior auricular artery
Supplies blood to the scalp above and behind the ears
Posterior auricular nerve
Extends to the muscles behind and below the ear
Posterior dilator naris
One of four muscles located inside nose, controls contractions and expansions of the nostrils
Only muscle of outside of the nose,, located between eyebrows and wrinkles bridge of nose
Muscle that runs across the lower part of the radius and ulna in the forearm, turns palm inward and down
Gel-like substance found in cells containing water, salt and nutrients obtained from food
Phase of circulation that allows blood to travel through the pulmonary artery to the lungs where it is oxygenated (combined with oxygen)
Major/minor quadratus labii inferioris
Aka depressor labii inferioris,muscle located on lower lip,pulls down to one side
Extends down the thumb side of the arm into the back of the hand
Quadratus labii superioris
Raises upper lip, Elvis sneer
Located on thumb side of arm
Large bone of thumb side, lower arm
Nerve celllocated in the papillary layer o the dermis, reacts to stimulation by sending a sensory message to the brain
Red blood cell
Erythrocyte or red corpuscle, contains hemoglobin and carries oxygen
Interaction of sensory and motor nerves
responsible for producing offsprings the same kind
Responsible for the intake of oxygen and the exhalation of carbon dioxide
12 bones of the chest
Upper chamber of heart aka auricle
Lower chamber of heart
Muscle located at the corner of the mouth, draws the mouth up and out, as in grinning
Produces saliva in the mouth
Large, flat bone extending from the middle of the back upward to the joint where it attaches to the clavicle
Carry messages to the brain and spinal cord; determine the sense of touch, sight,smell, hearing, and taste; also called afferent nerves
Muscle located under the arm; this muscle helps in lifting the arm and in breathing
Seventh cranial nerve
Main motor nerve of the face; aka facial nerve
Physical foundation of the body, composed of 206 bones of different shapes and sizes, each attached to others at movable or immovable joints.
Largest organ of the body, covers nearly 20 square feet of the body surface contains nerve endings for sense of touch; protects the body from invasion by outside particles; aids in elimination of body wastes.
Skeleton of the head that encloses and protects the brain and primary sensory organs
Part of the intestine between the stomach and large intestine, where assimilation of nutrients begins
Bone located behind the eyes and nose; connects all the bones of the cranium
Composed of long nerve fibers, originates in the base o the brain and extends to the base of the spine; holds 31 pairs of spinal nerves that branch out to muscles, internal organs and skin
Muscle that extends along the side of the neck from ear to the collarbone and causes the head to move from side to side and up and down, as in nodding
Organ that digests food
Striated (voluntary) muscle
Responds to commands regulated by will
Supplies blood to the chin and lower li
Artery that supplies the sides and top of the head with blood and branches farther into five smaller arteries that supply more precise locations.
Artery that supplies blood to the upper lip and septum
Muscle that runs parallel to the ulna; turns the palm of the hand up.
Supra orbital artery
Supplies blood to the parts of the forehead and eyes
Extends to the skin of the upper eyelid, eyebrow, forehead and scalp
Extends to the skin of the upper side of the nose and between the eyes
Group of body structures and/or organs that, together, perform one or more vital functions for the body
Process of blood traveling from the heart throughout the body and back to the heart
Two bones located on either side of the head, directly above the ears and below the parietal bones.
Extends to the muscles of the temple, the side of the forehead, the eyebrows, eyelid and upper cheek
Muscle located above and in front of the ear; performs both opening and closing the jaw, as in chewing (mastication).
Twelve bones that form the middle section of the spinal column.
Bony cage composed o the thoracic vertebrae (middle of the spine), sternum and the ribs, which encloses and protects the heart, lungs and other internal organs; aka the chest
Blood platelets; responsible for the clotting of blood; coagulation (clotting) starts when thrombocytes are exposed to air or rough surfaces (bruised skin)
Group of cells of the same kind performing a specific function in the body
Supplies blood to the masseter
Muscle that covers the back of the neck and upper back; involved in movement of the head, neck and scapula (shoulder blade)
Muscle located below the corners of the mouth; draws the corners of the mouth down, as in expressing depression; aka the depressor anguli
Muscle that extends the length of the upper arm to the forearm; controls forward movement of the forearm
Trifacial nerve (fifth or trigeminal )
Largest of the cranial nerves, responsible for transmitting facial sensations to the brain and for controlling the muscle movements of chewing (mastication)
Two spongy bones that form the sides of the nasal cavity
White blood cell
Twisting and turning motion of the esophagus
Small bone, lower arm, located on pinky side
Extends down little finger side of the arm into the palm of the hand
Waste product carried through the blood stream to the kidney for excretion
10th cranial nerve, regulates the heartbeat
Bulge that forms if a vein is stretched and loses its elasticity
Controls circulation of blood and lymph through the body; includes heart, arteries, veins and lymph glands, aka circulatory system
Elastic thin-walled blood vessel, carries impure blood
Finger-like projections of the intestinal wall
Aka striated muscles; these muscles respond to commands and are regulated by will
Bone in center of nose that divides the nasal cavity
White blood cell
Aka leukocytes; white corpuscles; fight bacteria and other foreign substances
Extends to side of forehead, temple and upper cheek
Aka malar; two bones that form the cheek
Muscle located on outside corners of the mouth, draws mouth up and back as in laughing