Terms in this set (38)
Line of scrimmage
An imaginary line between the offense and defense
When a football player on the offense moves just prior to the snap. 5 yard penalty
If a player from the offense or defense is on the wrong side of the line of scrimmage at the time of the snap. 5 yard penalty
When a player grabs a football player without the ball with the hands or hooks him or tackles him. 10 yard penalty
Pass interference (defensive)
When a defender contacts a pass receiver after the ball is in the air to prevent him from catching the ball. Offense gets the ball at the site of the flag and automatic first down
Pass interference (offensive)
can also be called on the offense if the defender has position and is trying to catch the ball. 10 yard penalty
A referee sees an illegal move on the field and throws the flag. He then tells the head referee (if it's not him) and the penalty is enforced. The offense does not lose a down if they are penalized, except for intentional grounding.
A coach can challenge a referee's call. The play is reviewed. If the challenge is valid, the correct result of the play is enforced. If the challenge is invalid, the coach loses a timeout. THIS IS ONLY PROFESSIONAL FOOTBALL.
A scrambling quarterback throws the ball to the ground where there is no receiver nearby. They are penalized as if the quarterback was sacked.
No one can grab the facemask of another player. 15 yard penalty and automatic first down
Ineligible Receiver Downfield
When one of the offensive players that is not an eligible receiver (linemen) is more than 5 yards downfield from the line of scrimmage during a forward pass. 5 yard penalty
10 yards down the field from the original line of scrimmage. The offense has four downs (attempts) to reach those 10 yards. If they are on their 4th down, they can choose to punt, kick a field goal, or attempt to reach the 1st down. If the 1st down is not reached after 4 downs, then the defense receives the ball at the line of scrimmage.
The offense successfully breaks the plane of the endzone with the ball. The offense receives 6 points.
After the offense successfully makes a touchdown, they can kick a field goal and receive 1 more point.
Two point conversion
After the offense successfully makes a touchdown, they can break the plane of the endzone again to receive 2 points. They have only 1 chance to do so per touchdown.
If a team is on their fourth down and they are in field goal range, they can attempt to kick the ball through the field goal (big yellow poles). If the ball goes through the poles, the offense receives 3 points. If the field goal is missed, the ball is given to the other team at the spot of the kick.
A quarterback is sacked in the endzone. The defensive team receives 2 points and the offense is forced to punt.
An offensive player drops the ball (not forced by the ground). Whichever team grabs and holds onto the ball first will receive the ball.
A defensive player catches the Pass instead of the receiver. This is a turnover and the defense gets the ball where the player went down.
When a defensive player crosses the line of scrimmage and makes contact with an opponent before the ball is snapped. 5 yard penalty
When a player grabs a football player without the ball with the hands or hooks him or tackles him. 5 yard penalty and automatic first down
Helmet to Helmet Collision
When one player uses his helmet to hit into another player's helmet. 15 yards and automatic first down
Horse Collar Tackle
When one player tackles another by grabbing inside their shoulder pads (or jersey) from behind and yanking them down. 15 yard penalty and automatic first down
Roughing the kicker
When a defensive player makes any contact with the punter, provided the defensive player hasn't touched the kicked ball before contact. 15 yard penalty and automatic first down
Roughing the Passer
When a defensive player makes direct contact with the quarterback after the quarterback has released the ball. 15 yard penalty and Automatic First Down
An illegal, flagrant foul considered risky to the health of another player. 15 yard penalty
Delay of game
An action which delays the game. 5 yard penalty
The play clock
the offense has 25 seconds to snap the ball. If they allow the clock to run out, it will result in a delay of game. 5 yard penalty
Decline a penalty
If the defense is penalized but the penalty would be less beneficial for the offense than the result of the play, the coach can choose to continue with the result of the play.
An offensive back in football who usually lines up behind the center, calls the signals, and directs the offensive play of the team.
The primary roles of this position are to receive handoffs from the quarterback for a rushing play, to catch passes from out of the backfield, and to block.
This position is often seen as a hybrid position with the characteristics and roles of both an offensive lineman and a wide receiver.
This position is usually among the fastest players on the field and functions as the pass-catching specialist.
On either the offensive or defensive side, this position is played by one of the players who line up along the line of scrimmage.
This position is a member of the defensive team, and line up approximately three to five yards (4 m) behind the line of scrimmage, behind the defensive linemen, and therefore "back up the line."
Players on the defensive team who take positions somewhat back from the line of scrimmage; they are distinguished from the defensive line players and linebackers, who take positions directly behind or close to the line of scrimmage.
Player who is responsible for the kicking duties of field goals and extra points. In many cases, this player also serves as the team's kickoff specialist or punter as well.
A specialized player who receives the snapped ball directly from the line of scrimmage and then kicks the football to the opposing team so as to limit any field position advantage.
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