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Unit 3.3 & 3.4 Kennedy/Johnson/Civil Rights/Vietnam
Terms in this set (43)
Competition between the United States and Soviet Union to be the first to achieve certain milestones in space exploration, with landing a man on the moon as the ultimate goal
The theory that allowing a nation to become Communist would cause other nations around it to also become Communist
SE Asian nation that was under threat from a Communist neighbor to the north
Created in 1961, it was designed to provide volunteer aid to developing nations
civil rights movement
A movement, largely by African Americans, the fought for equal rights of minorities in the United States
Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Organization founded by Martin Luther King, Jr. to aid in the fight for equality
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. Civil Rights organization centered around college campuses
black power movement
a political and social movement whose advocates believed in racial pride, self-sufficiency, and equality for all people of Black and African descent.
american indian movement (AIM)
a Native American advocacy group in the United States, founded in July 1968
united farm workers (UFW)
U.S. labour union founded in 1962 as the National Farm Workers Association by Cesar Chavez, a migrant farm laborer
national organization for women (NOW)
The National Organization for Women is an American feminist organization founded in 1966
ho chi minh trail
a military supply route running from North Vietnam through Laos and Cambodia to South Vietnam. The route sent weapons, manpower, ammunition and other supplies from communist-led North Vietnam to their supporters in South Vietnam during the Vietnam War.
The mass murder of unarmed South Vietnamese civilians by U.S. troops in Sơn Tịnh District, South Vietnam, on 16 March 1968
interracial organization founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination and to achieve political political and civil rights for African Americans
Organization founded to protect the civil liberties of American citizens
john f. kennedy
35th President of the US. Served from 1961 until his assassination in 1963
led the Soviet Union from 1958 to 1964. Though he largely pursued a policy of peaceful coexistence with the West, he instigated the Cuban Missile Crisis by placing nuclear weapons 90 miles from Florida
Communist dictator of Cuba
martin luther king jr
Baptist minister who was one of the most effective leaders in the American Civil Rights movement
An American Muslim minister and human rights activist.
lee harvey oswald
Assassinated President Kennedy in 1963
lyndon baines johnson
Kennedy's Vice President who became President in 1963 and continued many of Kennedy's policies
Stokely Carmichael was a Trinidadian-American civil rights activist known for leading the SNCC and the Black Panther Party in the 1960s.
United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery (Alabama) and so triggered the national civil rights movement
thur good marshall
Thurgood Marshall was an American lawyer, serving as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from October 1967 until October 1991. Marshall was the Court's 96th justice and its first African-American justice.
Cesar Chavez was an American labor leader and civil rights activist who, with Dolores Huerta, co-founded the National Farm Workers Association in 1962
ho chi minh
Communist leader of North Vietnam and later of a unified Communist Vietnam
A U-2 spy plane shot down by a Soviet surface to air missile on the morning of May 1, 1960, CIA pilot Francis Gary Powers had been on a top secret mission: to over fly and photograph denied territory from his U2 spy plane deep inside Russia.
cuban missile crisis
Incident between the United States, Soviet Union, and Communist Cuba where the Soviet Union stationed nuclear missiles in Cuba. The United States threatened military action unless the missiles were removed
bay of pigs
Failed invasion of Cuba funded by the CIA
First man-made object launched into space. Started the space race between the US and USSR
The Great Society was a set of domestic programs in the United States launched by Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964-65. The main goal was the elimination of poverty and racial injustice
Medicare is a national health insurance program in the United States, begun in 1966
a joint federal and state program that helps with medical costs for some people with limited income and resources
provides comprehensive early childhood education, health, nutrition, and parent involvement services to low-income children and their families
the policy of promoting the education and employment of members of groups that are known to have previously suffered from discrimination
abolished the poll tax for all federal elections.
civil rights act of 1964
ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin
voting rights act of 1965
aimed to overcome legal barriers at the state and local levels that prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote
immigration act of 1965
abolished an earlier quota system based on national origin and established a new immigration policy based on reuniting immigrant families and attracting skilled labor to the United States
equal rights amendment (ERA)
designed to guarantee equal legal rights for all American citizens regardless of sex
gulf of tonkin resolution
effectively launched America's full-scale involvement in the Vietnam War.
brown v. board of education
Supreme Court decision that ended segregation in public schools
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