Neurotransmission and Brain Anatomy
Terms in this set (20)
Too much of this neurotransmitter can cause severe muscle spasms
Long single fiber that transmits messages from cell body to dendrite
receive messages from other neurons
space between axon and dendrite
part of dendrite that receives neurotransmitters
small membrane sacs that specialize in moving neurotransmitters in and out a neuron
Neuron that sends neurotransmitters
process by signalling molecules called neurotransmitters are are released by neuron
outer covering of brain, devoted to senses, thinking, perceiving, producing/understanding language. Most developed part of brain. Split into right and left hemisphere.
portion of brain that contains a number of small nuclei with a variety of functions
Controls and maintains basic functions such as heart rate, breathing, digesting, and sleeping.
Primary role in the processing of memory, decision-making, and emotional reactions
center of emotion, memory, and the autonomic nervous system.
What does dopamine control?
Mood, emotions, and arousal
Endorphin is a neurotransmitter that helps regulate:
Pain control and pleasure
Which neurotransmitter is involved in muscle movements?
Which neurotransmitter is involved in the "Fight of Flight" response?
Chemicals that transmit information from one neuron to another
A neurotransmitter involved in arousal, as well as in learning and mood regulation
reduce the neuron stimulus to send messages across the brain
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