16 terms

Ch. 24- Romantic Music (Program Music and Ballet)

program music
instrumental music, usually written for symphony orchestra, that seeks to re-create in sound the events and emotions portrayed in some extramusical source: a story, legend, play, novel, or even historical event
absolute music
symphonies, sonatas, quartets, and other instrumental music without extramusical or programmatic references
program symphony
symphony with usually 3, 4, or 5 movements, which together depict a succession of specific events or scenes drawn from an extramusical story or event
dramatic overture
(to an opera or a play) a 1-movement work, usually in sonata-allegro form, that encapsulates in music the essential dramatic events of an opera or play. Many overtures became audience favorites and are today performed at concerts without the opera or play
concert overture
a 1-movement work of programmatic content originally intended for the concert hall
tone (symphonic) poem
a 1-movement work for orchestra that gives musical expression to the emotions and events associated with a story, play, political event, or personal experience
early form of the tuba
English horn
a low oboe
brass instrument with valves, borrowed from the military band
idee fixe (fixed idea)
a musical fixation
Dies irae
burial hymn of medieval church; -> signal doom and gloom
double counterpoint
counterpoint with 2 themes that can reverse position with top theme moving to bottom, and bottom to the top
to stike strings, not with usual front of bow, but with wooden back, creating a noise evocative of the crackling of hell fire
dramatic dance in which characters, using various stylized steps and pantomime, tell a story
ballet music
music composed to accompany a ballet with short bursts of tuneful melody and captivating rhythm, all intended to capture the emotional essence of the scene
keyed percussion instrument new to the orchestra