Terms in this set (38)
The process of making the characters seem real for the reader or the development of a character.
How do readers analyze characters?
Readers can analyze characterization by S.A.L.T:
Says and what other characters say about the
The qualities that make up a character's personality
most exciting, turning point, or changing moment in a story
Sequence of events in a story
the struggle between opposing forces or characters in a story
End of the story where loose ends are tied up
the introduction to setting and characters
part of the story where the conflict is developing as events occur
events that occur after the climax and leads to the resolution
facts, examples, reasons, or descriptions that explain, support, and expand on the central idea.
a brief restatement in your own words the central idea and important details of a text. A summary should not include the reader's opinions, or personal beliefs, thoughts, or ideas.
a statement that tells what the whole passage or part of a passage is mostly about
How do I determine the central idea of a passage or part of a passage?
Ask yourself "who the passage is about?" and "what about the who is the passage mostly about?"
The main character
the person the story is mostly about
the overall feeling the reader gets from a work of literature
Attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character. This is revealed or shown through the writer's word choice.
point of view
Feelings about a topic. The words and ideas used in a text provide important clues about an author's perspective or viewpoint.
non-fiction text structures
The way an author organizes information in a text.
What are the different types of nonfiction text structures?
Depending on the purpose, authors might choose to organize their ideas in different ways. They may present a problem and solution, order events using chronology, compare and contrast people or ideas, or explain the causes and effects.
main reason for writing.
What are the 3 different types of author's purpose?
Use P.I.E. to remember the 3 different types of author's purpose:
Inform, explain, teach
How do I answer short response questions using RACER?
compare and contrast text structure
The author discusses the similarities and differences between two or more items. Signal words are: similar, alike, as well as, similar to, both, differences, however, on the other hand, unlike, different from
cause-effect text structure
first presents an action, and then describes the effects that result (or may result) from that action
cause and effect signal words
because, since, if/then, due to, as a result, for this reason, on account of
compare and contrast signal words
like, unlike, different, the same, similarly, opposed to, but, however, on the other hand
chronological order text structure
(Time Order) Events are arranged in the order in which they happened
chronological order signal words
First, second, third, next, before, then, after, when, since, finally, previously
description text structure
the author provides a detailed description to give the reader a mental picture
the overall message or lesson of the story
the description of time and place in which the story occurred
problem/ solution text structure
Tells about a problem then gives one or more possible solutions
Types of Context Clues
Inference Context Clue
word meanings are not directly described, but are suggested and need to be inferred from the context. Must use clues from the sentence to help determine the meaning.
Definition context clue
the word is defined directly and clearly in the sentence in which it appears
Antonym (or contrast) context clue
often signaled by the words but, however, whereas, unlike, or as opposed to. These words signal to and gives a hint toward the opposite of the unknown word.
Synonym (or restatement) context clue
other words are used in the sentence with similar meanings.
Signal words are or, such as, for example, especially, like, that is, and in other words.