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34 terms

Disease Detectives

STUDY
PLAY
Agent
What causes the Disease
Host
Who gets the the Disease and what are the general symptoms
Epidemiology
Elements that contribute to the occurrance or non-occurrance of a disease in a population or community
Population
The number of people in an area or region
Sample
A part or portion of something
Clue
Something that helps lead a person or thing out of a problem
Hypothesis
An educated guess;"if" or "then" statement
Disease
A departure for good health
Virus
Particles that can only reproduce or survive by taking over a cell;ex. AIDS or the Common Cold; Preventable with vaccinations or anti-viral drugs NO antibiotics
Bacteria
Unicellular; multiply by cell diversion; ex. Anthrax or Botulism; Treatable with Antibiotics
Fungus
Cell Wall and Membrane includes molds and yeast; ex. Athlete's Foot or Ringworm; Sometimes antibiotics work but not always
Protozoa
Single Cell organisims capable of rapid movement; ex. Chagas Disease or Malaria; treatable with antibiotics
Prion
Smallest organism there is; made of only protein resistant to heat and disinfectants; ex. Mad Cow Disease or Creutzfeldt- Jacob Disease; NO known treatment
Helminth
Any wormlike or worm animal; ex. Hookworm or Tapeworm; Medications to kill the worms
Vector
An insect that carries a disease
Reservoir
A species of organism that causes another organism to get sick.
Endemic
A disease that is under control in an area.
Epidemic
A disease that spreads rapidly
Pandemic
An epidemic of a country, region, etc.
Vaccine
A medicene that helps cure Viruses
Epidemiologist
A person that studies the diseases and the infectious agent.
Desriptive Epidemiology
Study of the destrbution of a disease or other health related conditions
Disease Distribution
The pattern of how a sickness is spread in a population of people.
Risk Factor
Factors that cause the disease
Incubation Period
The time between when the disease is Prescribed to the end of the disease.
Mode of Transmission
The factors and/or people that can give you the disease; ex. touch and air
Antibody
The cells that fight against the infectious agent.
Antibiotic
Treaatment given to stop the bacteria, Protozoa, or Fungi.
Pathogen
The infectious agent; Prion, Virus, Becteria, Fungi, Protozoa, and Helminths.
Robert Koch
Created the Koch's Postulate
Koch Postulate
Take a sample of a disease, see what grows, take more samples on healthy animals, and see what happens
Fomite
The material contamiated; keyboard, etc.
Zoonosis
Disease from an infected animal; salminla, etc.
Contagious
A disease that can spread ealsily from one person to another.