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AMSCO AP World History Chapter 15 Vocab
Terms in this set (76)
Sanctioned religious toleration of the Huguenots, French Calvanists, converted to Catholicism for the sake of solidifying his power. His rule saw increasing emphasis on national sovereignty.
A king of England in the early sixteenth century. With the support of his Parliament, Henry established himself as head of the Christian Church in England, in place of the pope, after the pope refused to allow his marriage to Catherine of Aragon to be dissolved. (1491-1547)
Queen of England from 1533 to 1536 as the second wife of King Henry VIII, and Marquess of Pembroke in her own right.
Was ruler of both the Spanish Empire from 1516 and the Holy Roman Empire from 1519, as well as of the Habsburg Netherlands from 1506.
Charles V, Holy Roman Empire
King of Spain and Portugal and husband of Mary I; he supported the Counter Reformation and sent the Spanish Armada to invade England (1527-1598) ... king of ancient Macedonia and father of Alexander the Great (382-336 BC)
A king and queen of Spain in the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries. They united their country and sponsored the exploration of the New World by Christopher Columbus.
Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand
King of England (1603-1625) and of Scotland as James VI (1567-1625). The son of Mary Queen of Scots, he succeeded the heirless Elizabeth I as the first Stuart king of England.
King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1625-1649). His power struggles with Parliament resulted in the English Civil War (1642-1648) in which Charles was defeated.
Was an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland. He was born into the middle gentry, albeit to a family descended from the sister of King Henry VIII's minister Thomas Cromwell.
King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1660-1685) who reigned during the Restoration, a period of expanding trade and colonization as well as strong opposition to Catholicism.
King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1685-1688). The last Stuart king to rule both England and Scotland, he was deposed by his Protestant daughter Mary (later, Mary II) and her husband, William of Orange.
Ruled jointly after the Glorious Revolution of 1688 had expelled Mary's father, King James II.
William and Mary
Was a French jurist and political philosopher, member of the Parlement of Paris and professor of law in Toulouse. He is best known for his theory of sovereignty; he was also an influential writer on demonology.
Was the chief of government under King Louis XIII. He achieved two difficult goals in his career: establishing absolute monarchy in France and breaking the political power of the Huguenots, or French Protestants.
Ruled 1643-1715, King of France, his reign, the longest in French history, was characterized by a magnificent court, the expansion of French influence in Europe, and the establishment of overseas colonies.
Was a Portuguese royal prince, soldier, and patron of explorers. Henry sent many sailing expeditions down Africa's west coast, but did not go on them himself.
Prince Henry the Navigator
A war waged in the early seventeenth century that involved France, Spain, Sweden, Denmark, Austria, and numerous states of Germany. The causes of the war were rooted in national rivalries and in conflict between Roman Catholics and Protestants.
Thirty Years War
A war (1701-14) fought by Austria, England, the Netherlands, and Prussia against France and Spain, arising from disputes about the succession in Spain after the death of Charles II of Spain.
War of the Spanish Succession
A state with primarily maritime realms—an empire at sea (such as the Phoenician network of merchant cities) or a sea-borne empire.
An Indian soldier serving under British or other European orders.
A French Protestant of the 16th-17th centuries. Largely Calvinist, the Huguenots suffered severe persecution at the hands of the Catholic majority, and many thousands emigrated from France.
Were a series of changes within medieval monasticism of the Western Church focused on restoring the traditional monastic life, encouraging art, and caring for the poor.
The buying or selling of ecclesiastical privileges, for example pardons or benefices.
Is a Christian denomination. It is the original church of the Reformed Presbyterian tradition (commonly known as the RP's). The RPCS formed in 1690 when its members declined to be part of the establishment.
Reformed Church of Scotland
The Church of England and the churches in other nations that are in complete agreement with it as to doctrine and discipline and are in communion with the Archbishop of Canterbury.
Was a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer.
Was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, and author. He served both as Attorney General and as Lord Chancellor of England.
Italian astronomer and mathematician who was the first to use a telescope to study the stars; demonstrated that different weights descend at the same rate; perfected the refracting telescope that enabled him to make many discoveries (1564-1642)
English mathematician and physicist; remembered for developing the calculus and for his law of gravitation and his three laws of motion (1642-1727).
Sir Isaac Newton
Was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect, and poet of the High Renaissance who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art.
1452-1519. Italian painter, engineer, and scientist.
Leonardo da Vinci
A seventeenth-century English philosopher. Argued against the belief that human beings are born with certain ideas already in their minds. He claimed that, on the contrary, the mind is a tabula rasa (blank slate) until experience begins to "write" on it.
Is one of the world's most famous economists. Modern capitalism owes its roots to him and his Wealth of Nations, which many consider the single most important economic work in history.
Signed probably on 30 April 1598 by King Henry IV of France, granted the Calvinist Protestants of France (also known as Huguenots) substantial rights in the nation, which was still considered essentially Catholic at the time.
Edict of Nates
Was a series of treaties that ended the Thirty Years' War over succession within the Holy Roman Empire as well as the Eighty Years' War between Holland and Spain for Dutch independence.
Peace of Westaphilia
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India, opening an important commercial sea route.
Vasco da Gama
the great fleet sent from Spain against England by Philip II in 1588
protestant alliance formed by Lutherans against the Holy Roman Empire
1555 agreement declaring that the religion of each German state would be decided by its ruler
peace of augsburg
civil war in England between the Parliamentarians and the Royalists under Charles I
English civil war
England goes from a monarchy to puritan republic under Cromwell
a written document asking for a limit to the king's power
petition of right
the revolution against James II
1689 laws protecting the rights of English subjects and Parliament
English bill of rights
the claim that the right to rule was given to a king by God
divine right of the monarchy
French government agents who collected taxes and administered justice.
Palace constructed by Louis XIV outside of Paris to glorify his rule and subdue the nobility.
French noble councils that regulated the legislation of the king
a movement for religious reform
swiss priest who led the protestant movement in switzerland
German monk who started the Protestant Reformation
Arguments written by Martin Luther against the Catholic church. They were posted on Octobe 31, 1517.
pardon sold by catholic church to reduce one's punishment
Believed in predestination
Calvinistic belief that this is the group of souls who God selected to be predetermined for Heaven.
destiny; fate; decided beforehand
a group of Anglicans in England who wanted to purify their church of Catholic ways
members of the society of jesus
A meeting held to discuss and reform practices of the Catholic Church.
council of Trent
list of books forbidden for Catholics to read. issued by holy office
index of prohibited books
An agreement between the people and their government signifying their consent to be governed
the belief that accurate knowledge can be acquired through observation
a medieval philosophical and theological system that tried to reconcile faith and reason
businesses in which a group of people invest together
belief in the benefits of profitable trading; commercialism.
An economic system based on private ownership of capital
small-scale industries based in the home
philosophe who wrote about economics; attacked economy in Europe
written by Adam Smith, promoted laissez-faire, free-market economy, and supply-and-demand economics
the wealth of nations
expansion of trade and business
Benefitted from tea act
east India company
a strong paper or thin cardboard with a smooth light brown finish made from e.g. Manila hemp
the strong fiber of a Philippine plant, used for rope, matting, paper, etc.
Numbers that are multiplied together to get a product
the science of making maps
(1487-1488) Portuguese, first European to reach the southern tip of Africa in 1488.
Portuguese navigator in the service of Spain
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