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75 terms

History Exam Unit One & Two & Three

History Exam Terms
STUDY
PLAY
Empathy
The identification of the feelings, thoughts, or attitudes of another
Evidence
Information used to support or prove a statement or conclusion
Primary Source
Something (such as a document, journal, etc.)that was created by someone who was alive during the events that occurred
Secondary Source
Something(such as a document,journal, etc.)that was created by someone who was not alive during the event that occurred
Point of View
A person's perspective of something based on his/her character, background, experience,etc.
Bias
Much stronger opinion than point of view. Sometimes, but not always, unfair or prejudiced
Historical Interpretation
The process of finding what a historical event means or what it meant in history
Ideals
A goal that you strive for
Equality
People are the same.Things are the same.Everyone treated the same.
Democracy
A system of government in which the power to rule comes from the consent of the governed
Liberty
Freedom of speech, religious.Freedom, civic liberty, political.Freedom
Opportunity
People able to do what they want to do. The chance to pursue hopes and dreams
Rights
Powers or privileges granted to people either by an agreement among themselves or by law
Monarchy
A government ruled by a king or queen where the powere is handed down by family; also consent of the governed
Dictatorship
One person or group of people control the government through military force
Natural Rights
Rights given to people when they are born:Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit Of Happiness
Landforms
Something formed on Earth (Mountains, Rivers, Etc.)
Natural Resources
Substance that comes from land
Regions
An area that has similar culture, climate, character
Census
A national official count of the population
Fossil Fuels
Any combustible organic material, as oil, coal, or natural gas, derived from the remains of former life
Rural
Of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the country
Urban
Of, pertaining to, or designating a city or town
Settlement
A place where people create a place to live
Colony
A country sends people to a new land to a settlement to make money
Roanoke
First official colony in the current US, known as the "Lost Colony", founded by Sir Walter Raleigh(1585)
Jamestown
First successful colony in the US, founded in 1607, it was a jointstock colony, the purpose was to get gold, was started by VA company
Magna Carta
Written in 1215 in an attempt to limit the power of King John, one of the first examples of a document of code of law to limit the power of the monarch.
Charter
A document written to found a colony, generally written by the King of the mother country
Indentured Servant
an indebted person who works off their passage to the New World for 4-7 years
Proprietary Colony
Colony founded by proprietors (people founded by the King to govern colonies, was generally given as a gift by the King
Jointstock Colony
A colony founded as an investment
Consent
To permit, approve, or agree; comply or yield
* ____ Of Governed- Approval of the Governed
Crown Colony
A colony founded by the King
Pilgrim/Puritans
A group of people who wanted to separate from the Church Of England (People who came on Mayflower and started Plymouth colony in 1620, wanted religious journey )
English Bill Of Rights
Written in the 1600's in England, Greater attempt to limit monarch's power, gives some of King's power to the Parliament
Salutary Neglect
1607-1754; From the founding of the colonies to the beginning of the French & Indian War,Britain ignores America. America learns how to govern themselves during this time
Mercantilism
The ability for the mother country to make money off of their colonies, raw goods are taken by mother country, manufactured in mother country, and sold back to colonies at higher price
New England Colonies
Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire; The economies were based off of ship-building and trading;their climate was fairly chilly most of the time and their geography was mostly rocky;not good for farming (any farming was mostly subsistence)
Middle Colonies
New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware; Their economies were based off of farming grains because of mild climate and flat land. (known as the Breadbasket)
Southern Colonies
Virginia,Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Maryland; The cash crop capital of the colonies, they farm cash crops such as rice, indigo, and tobacco; Climate was hot and mild; Economy was based on slaves
French and Indian War
War between the French/Indians and the British/Colonists, 1754-1763;Was an extension of wars already going on in Europe;"War For Empire"; Purpose was for control of the Ohio River Valley; Ended Salutary Neglect and British being re interested in colonies
Unalienable Rights
Rights that cannot taken away
Proclamation Of 1763
Imaginary line drawn by King George III,prohibited colonist from crossing the Appalachian mountains,gave Ohio River Valley to Native Americans, first act that caused colonial unrest
Quartering Act
An act passed in 1765; colonists have to house, feed, provide for soldiers
Stamp Act
Passed in 1765; direct tax on all paper goods; repealed in 1766; Massively angers everyone in the colonies
Townshend Acts
Series of taxes put in place to pay salary of royal governor,tax on lead, paper, tea, glass; all taxes are repealed except tea
Writs Of Assistance
A required search warrant to search colonial ships
Tea Act
Put in place after Townshend Act was repealed; Allows colonist to only buy tea from the British East Indies Tea Company
Coercive Acts
In response to Boston Tea Party
1. Closed the Port Of Boston (except food and fuel for British soldiers)
2. Impose Military Rule On Colony Of Massachusetts
3. Disallow Colonial Assembly Meetings
Boston Massacre
Used to spread news around colonies; British shot at rioting colonists; Paul Revere drew exaggerating picture
Boston Tea Party
Over a million dollars worth of tea is dumped overboard by Sons Of Liberty
Sons/Daughters Of Liberty
Groups that formed to officially protest against British;Sons-Burned loyalist mansions, led boycotts, were responsible for the Boston Tea Party
Daughter-got to sew and make clothes for boycotts
Constitution
The document which establishes the present federal code of laws for the United States and is changed through amendments
Confederation
When power is divided between national and states governments.
Shay's Rebellion
Rebellion of farmer's that scared colonists
Bicameral legislature
A government with two houses
Proportional Representation
Determining the amount of representatives by population
Equal Representation
Equal representation no matter the population
Constitutional Convention
Meeting where the Constitution was written; In 1787 in the Philadelphia State house; originally met to revise AOC
New Jersey Plan
A plan for a weak government with equal state representation in the one-housed answer
Virginia Plan
Strong national government with population based representation.
Great Compromise
NJ Plan: Proposes 1 house in legislation with equal rep. for each state
VA Plan: Proposes 2 houses in legislation with rep based on population
Three-Fifths Compromise
The southern states wanted to count slaves because they had a lot of slaves, but the northern states were the opposite.
Electoral College
Conflict on how to elect the President:Either the delegates voted or the population voted.
Legislative Branch
Branch in charge of making laws
Judicial Branch
Branch in charge of interpreting laws
Executive Branch
Branch in charge of passing laws
Republic
A state in which the supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by representatives chosen directly or indirectly by them
Ratification
The act of ratifying; confirmation; sanction
House Of Representatives
The lower legislative branch in many national and state bicameral governing bodies, as in the United States
Senate
The upper legislature in countries such as the USA
President
An officer appointed or elected to preside over an organized body of persons
Congress
The legislature of the United States government
Cabinet
Group who advises the President on any matters relating to the office. Members are the heads of departments. They are appointed by the President