20 terms

The Respiratory system, The Respiratory system

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Trachea
It is also known as windpipe, it filters the air we inhale and branches into the bronchi.
Lungs
The main organ of the respiratory system.
Pharynx
Tube that connects the mouth to the larynx and esophagus.
Bronchi
Tube that connects the trachea to the lungs.
Larynx
commonly called the voice box, and a connection between the pharynx and trachea
Alveoli
It is the tiny sac like structure present in the lungs which the gaseous exchange takes place.
Diaphragm
Breathing begins with a dome-shaped muscle located at the bottom of the lungs.
Epiglottis
It is a leaf-shaped flap of cartilage located behind the tongue, at the top of the larynx, or voice box.
Respiratory system
This system has a primary organ which is lungs, the function is to take in oxygen and expel carbon dioxide as we breathe.
Right Lung
It has 3 lobes: superior, middle, and inferior and it is the larger of the two lungs.
Left Lung
It has 2 lobes: superior and inferior and it is the smallest of the two lungs.
Inhale
To breathe in, diaphragm contracts, moves downwards
Exhale
To breathe out, diaphragm relaxes, moves upwards
Cilia
Hair like structures that filter out particles entering into your nasal cavity
Pleural Membrane/Pleura
Pleural membrane. A thin layer of tissue that lines the pleural cavity, the space that surrounds the lungs and lies underneath the chest wall.
Pneumonia
Disease caused by the inflammation of air sacs in the lungs
Bronchitis
Disease caused by inflammation of mucus membrane that lines the bronchial tubes
Emphysema
Disease caused when lung tissue is destroyed and air sacs are lost. The lungs become unable to deflate during exhaling
Cystic Fibrosis
Is a hereditary disease caused by excess mucus in the body
Asthma
A chronic lung disease that inflames and narrows the bronchial tubes