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Heredity and Genetics
Terms in this set (55)
The passing of traits(behavioral, Physical) from parent to offspring
the study of heredity and the variation of inherited characteristics.
A characteristic (Physical/behavioral) that an organism can pass on to its offspring through its genes.
A diagram that shows the occurrence of a genetic trait in several generations of a family.
genetic lack of melanin in the eyes, skin, hair, scales, or feathers, it is an inherited trait that affects Humans and animals
cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei containing the same number of chromosomes
Any cells in the body other than reproductive cells
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the genes
special cells that contain half the number of chromosomes as body cells used for reproduction
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually reproducing organisms with only half of the chromosomes
structures that contain identical copies of DNA
male reproductive organ that produces sperm and hormones
Glands that produce the egg cells and hormones
a trait that covers over, or dominates, another form of that trait.
a trait that is covered over, or dominated, by another form of that trait and seems to disappear.
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific trait
an organism with two dominant genes for a trait
an organism with two recessive genes for a trait
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
Pairs of genes
Tools that are used to diagram the traits of the offspring
type of alleles
way it looks
Pure dominant:Heterozygous:pure recessive
Dominant trait:Recessive trait
A condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cells, in hemoglobin, or in total volume.
Sickle cell disease
Genetic disorder in which red blood cells have abnormal hemoglobin molecules and take on an abnormal shape.
Situation in which one allele is not completely dominant over another allele
a variety of disorders marked by inability to distinguish some or all colors
a disturbance in the normal function of a part of the body
A group of symptoms typical of a particular disease or condition
abnormal state of health that interferes with normal or regular feelings of well being
person trained to collect, analyze, and explain data about human inheritance patterns
deoxyribo nucleic acid
Discoverer of DNA
repeating base pair building blocks of nucleic acids
a rung in the DNA double helix
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA
The base that pairs with Cytosine in DNA
Sugar Phosphate combination
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