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31 terms

History of English

Review for your History of English test
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IndoEuropean
the language almost all other languages came from
Germanic
the stock language of English-
French
official language of English for 200 years in Middle English
Angles
germanic tribe our word English or England came from
Saxons
most of our Old English comes from this germanic group
Celts
eventually called foreigners and pushed into Wales
Bubonic Plague
united England during the Middle English period
William the Conqueror
led the Norman Conquest
Norman Conquest
French speaking people invaded England and ruled for 200 years
Invention of the Printing Press
Ended the Middle English period and began the Modern period
Beowulf
great piece of literature from Old English
Canterbury Tales
great piece of literature from Middle English
Geoffrey Chaucer
wrote Canterbury tales
William Shakespeare
the author who influenced our English language more than any other
Johannes Guttenberg
invented the printing press
Samuel Johnson
wrote the 1st complete dictionary of our English language
William Caxton
brought the printing press into England
2500
number of languages in the world today
10000
number of French words we borrowed
Jeep
General Purpose vehicle
Snafu
situation normal, all fouled up
bikini
atomic bomb testing site
chortle
a blend of chuckle and snort
smog
a blend of smoke and fog
scuba
self-contained underwater breathing apparatus
bedlam
absolute chaos
dictionary
gives history, pronunciation, and definitions of words
thesaurus
gives synonyms to use in place of a word
linguists
those who study languages
onomatopoeia
words that sound like what they mean
Chinese, Japanese
not Indo European languages