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AP Human Geography 7
Vocab unit 7
Terms in this set (63)
A social division based on national origin, religion, language, and often race.
Triangular Slave Trade
A practice, primarily during the eighteenth century, in which European ships transported slaves from Africa to Caribbean islands, molasses from the Caribbean to Europe, and trade goods from Europe to Africa.
A person who works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent and repays loans by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops.
Belief that one race is superior to another.
A social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites.
Concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves.
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country.
Process in which more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region.
Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities.
An ethnic or cultural group, tribe, or people with something in common like language, religion, history, ethnicity, ...
A politically organized territory that is administered by a sovereign government and is recognized by the international community.
A state or territory that is small in both size and population.
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
Application of domestic laws outside of the home country on soil from the home country, like a military base or an embassy.
A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality.
A nationality that is not represented by a state.
State that contains two or more ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities.
a force that divides people and countries.
A process in which political power is ''sent down'' to lower levels of state and government.
An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state.
A venture involving three or more nation-states involving formal political, economic, and/or cultural cooperation to promote shared objectives. The European Union is one such organization.
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought.
Also called economic imperialism, this is the domination of newly independent countries by foreign business interests that causes colonial-style economies to continue, which often caused monoculture (a country only producing one main export like sugar, oil, etc).
A nonprofit organization with operations in several countries, a company that is heavily engaged in international trade, beyond exporting and importing.
Political Boundaries that correspond with physical features such as mountains or rivers.
an invisible boundary made by the certain cultural beliefs and traits that make the culture.
The marking of boundaries or categories.
A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly.
An otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension.
A state whose territory is long and narrow in shape.
A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory.
A state that completely surrounds another one.
A state which is completely surrounded by land and has no beaches.
A zone, sometimes separating two states, in which no state exercises political control.
A part of a country that is separated from the rest of the country and surrounded by foreign territory.
A distinct region or community enclosed within a larger territory.
Ethnic Enclave/ Ghetto
A small area occupied by a distinctive minority culture. Like a chinatown.
An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials.
An internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of local government.
A joining of several groups for a common purpose.
The number of people under the age of 15 and over age 64, compared to the number of people active in the labor force.
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
Balance Of Power
Distribution of military and economic power that prevents any one nation from becoming too strong.
Political landscape in which power is distributed among many different states.
A political landscape with two superpowers.
A political landscape with one superpower.
Agreements that a leader makes with his/her home state and its allies.
Decision taken by just a single party, either without consulting, or against the wishes of other parties.
An international organization formed after WWII to promote international peace, security, and cooperation.
Areas of seas considered beyond territorial waters.
Exclusive Economic Zone
Area in which resources found up to 200 nautical miles offshore belong exclusively to the geographically bordering country.
Median Line Principle
Lines made to distribute water ways when states are within 200 miles of each other.
An organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum.
North American Free Trade Agreement; allows open trade with US, Mexico, and Canada.
An international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its 28 members.
An international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security.
An organization of 53 African nations that worked together for peace and security.
An international organization of independent Arab states formed in 1945 to promote cultural, economic, military, political, social cooperation.
Ratzel's Organic Theory
The view that states must grow, or else they will die.
MacKinder's Heartland Theory
Hypothesis that held that any political power based in the heart of Eurasia could gain enough strength to eventually dominate the world.
Spykman's Rimland Theory
Theory that the domination of the waters would provide the base for world conquest.
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