27 terms

Measurement

A quantity that has both a number and a unit.

Metric System

A decimal system of measurement whose units are scaled on multiples of 10

Unit of Measure

A standard quantity used as a basis for measuring (i.e. centimeters, milliliters, degrees, meters)

Meter

The basic unit of length in the metric system

Gram

The basic unit of mass in the metric system

Liter

The basic unit of volume in the metric system

Matter

Anything that has mass and takes up space

Weight

A measure of the force of gravity on an object

Mass

The amount of matter in an object

Volume

The amount of space something takes up

Density

The amount of mass in a given volume

Gravity

The force that pulls objects toward earth

Triple Beam Balance

An instrument used to measure mass

Graduated Cylinder

An instrument used to measure volume of a liquid

Meniscus

The curved surface of a liquid

Energy

The ability to do work

Kilometer

A metric unit of length equal to 1000 meters

Centimeter

A metric unit of length equal to 1/100 of a meter

Millimeter

A metric unit of length equal to 1/1000 of a meter

Kilogram

A metric measurement equal to 1000 grams

Milliliter

A metric unit of volume equal to 1/1000 of a liter

Cubic Centimeter

Metric unit used to measure the volume of solids; equal to a milliliter.

Cup

A measure of capacity in the English/US Customary system of measure

Pint

A measure of capacity in the English/US Customary system of measure equal to 2 cups

Quart

A measure of capacity in the English/US Customary system of measure equal to 2 pints or 1/4 of a gallon

Gallon

A measure of capacity in the English/US Customary system of measure equal to 4 quarts

Capacity

A measure of the amount of space that can be filled; usually in a container