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27 terms

Measurement Unit Vocabulary

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Measurement
A quantity that has both a number and a unit.
Metric System
A decimal system of measurement whose units are scaled on multiples of 10
Unit of Measure
A standard quantity used as a basis for measuring (i.e. centimeters, milliliters, degrees, meters)
Meter
The basic unit of length in the metric system
Gram
The basic unit of mass in the metric system
Liter
The basic unit of volume in the metric system
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Weight
A measure of the force of gravity on an object
Mass
The amount of matter in an object
Volume
The amount of space something takes up
Density
The amount of mass in a given volume
Gravity
The force that pulls objects toward earth
Triple Beam Balance
An instrument used to measure mass
Graduated Cylinder
An instrument used to measure volume of a liquid
Meniscus
The curved surface of a liquid
Energy
The ability to do work
Kilometer
A metric unit of length equal to 1000 meters
Centimeter
A metric unit of length equal to 1/100 of a meter
Millimeter
A metric unit of length equal to 1/1000 of a meter
Kilogram
A metric measurement equal to 1000 grams
Milliliter
A metric unit of volume equal to 1/1000 of a liter
Cubic Centimeter
Metric unit used to measure the volume of solids; equal to a milliliter.
Cup
A measure of capacity in the English/US Customary system of measure
Pint
A measure of capacity in the English/US Customary system of measure equal to 2 cups
Quart
A measure of capacity in the English/US Customary system of measure equal to 2 pints or 1/4 of a gallon
Gallon
A measure of capacity in the English/US Customary system of measure equal to 4 quarts
Capacity
A measure of the amount of space that can be filled; usually in a container