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Indian tribes as sovereign governments
Terms in this set (9)
Canons of construction
Rules governing the judicial interpretation of constitutions, statutes, and other written instruments.
Reserved rights doctrine
Tribes rights including rights to land and self government were retained as part of their status as Sauber nation's. They are not granted to the tribe by the United States.
Tribal Government status
Tribes are sovereign governments and state law does not apply within reservation boundaries without congressional consent
The legal obligation of the federal government to protect the interests of American Indian tribes
Congress' plenary power
Rights established by treaty can be repealed by Congress because of its plenary power
Indian Citizenship Act of 1924
The United States granted all Indian citizenship in 1924. This promoted assimilation
Meriam Report 1928
This influential study set the tone for the reform movement by publicizing deplorable living conditions on reservations, recommending that health and education funding increase, that the allotment policy end, and that tribal self government be encouraged.
Indian Reorganization Act (IRA)
1934 - Restored tribal ownership of lands, recognized tribal constitutions and government, and provided loans for economic development. 77 tribes rejected the IRA.
Indian Claims Commission Act
Hear and settle all outstanding land claims that Native Americans brought against the gov't. Claims stemmed from broken treaties and seizures of Native American land. Dealt only with federal land claims issues, not those from private or state lands. Distributed money to individuals rather than tribes, so that the opportunity to strengthen tribal institutions was lost
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