a paradox reduced to two words used for effect to emphasize contrasts
a mode of expression,through words or events, conveying a reality different from and usually opposite to appearance or expression
form of extended metaphor in which objects and persons in a narrative are equated with meanings that lie outside the narrative itself
a casual and brief reference to a famous historical or literary figure or event
something that is itself and yet also represents something else, like an idea
the writer's attitude toward his readers and his subject
manner of writing that mixes a critical attitude with wit and humor in an effort to improve mankind and human institutions
the recurrence of initial consonant sounds
metaphorical of an animal or inanimate object as having human attributes
the use of similar vowel sounds repeated in a successive or proximate words containing different consonants
substitution of a mild or less negative word or phrase for a harsh or blunt one
expressing an idea with less emphasis or in a lesser degree than is the actual one
exaggeration used for emphasis, used to heighten effect, or to create a humorous perception
the direct address of a person or personified thing, either present or absent
a comparison which imaginatively identifies one thing with another dissimilar thing, invoked by the "to be" verb
use of words which in their pronunciation suggests their meaning or sound
a direct, expressed comparison using "like" or "as" between two things essentially unlike each other, but resembling each other in a way
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