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US History terms

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Amnesty
the act of granting pardon to a large group of people
Bilingualism
the practice of teaching immigrant students in their own language
Brinkmanship
the willingness to go to the brink of war to force an opponent to back down
Communism
an economic system in which the central government directs all major economic decisions
Confederacy
a loose union of independent states; name of government used by the southern states that seceded during the Civil War
Conservative
a person who believes government power, particularly in the economy, should be limited in order to maximize individual freedom
Containment
the policy designed to keep the Soviet Union from expanding its power
Corporation
an organization that is authorized by law to carry on an activity but treated as though it were a single person
Détente
relaxation of tensions between the United States and its two major Communist rivals, the Soviet Union and China
Downsizing
reducing a company in size by laying off workers and managers to become more efficient
Euro
the basic currency shared by the countries of the European Union since 1999
Fascism
a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and has no tolerance for opposition
Flexible Response
the buildup of conventional troops and weapons to allow a nation to fight a limited war without using nuclear weapons
Impeachment
a formal accusation of misconduct in office against a public official
Imperialism
the actions used by one nation to exercise political or economic control over smaller or weaker nation
Insurrection
an act of rebellion against the established government
Internationalism
a national policy of actively trading with foreign countries to foster peace and prosperity
Isolationism
the avoidance of involvement in world affairs
Liberal
a person who generally believes the government should take an active role in the economy and in social programs but that the government should not dictate social behavior
Multinational Corporation
large corporation with overseas investments
Nuclear Proliferation
the spread of nuclear weapons to new nations
Nullification
the failure or refusal of a U.S. state to aid in the enforcement of federal laws within its state limits
Political Machine
an organization linked to a political party that often controlled local government
Segregation
the separation or isolation of a race, class, or group
Self-Determination
belief that people in a territory should have the ability to choose their own government
State Sponsored Terrorism
violent acts against civilians that are secretly supported by a government in order to attack other nations without going to war
Subversion
a systematic attempt to overthrow a government by using persons working secretly from within
Suffrage
the right to vote
Terrorism
the use of violence by non-governmental groups against civilians to achieve a political goal by instilling fear and frightening governments into changing policies