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Terms in this set (71)
Lived on the island of Crete?
Lived on the mainland of Greece?
Existed at the same time as the Shang dynasty in China and the New Kingdom in Egypt?
Built heavily adorned palaces with unusual luxuries?
Attacked cities and pirated ships instead of trading peacefully?
May have been the Philistines, the enemies of the Israelites?
May have started the legendary Trojan War?
Constructed a massive gate carved with two stone lions?
Focused on trade and relations with other countries?
Focused on their armies and building their cities through war?
Why was it difficult for the Greek farmers to grow crops?
The rocky soil made farming difficult in Greece.
What were some of the unusual luxuries that the palace of Knossos could boast?
It had bathtubs and piped water.
The fall of the Mycenaean civilization marked the beginning of what kind of period in Greek history?
The dark age of Greece
Earliest known Greek civilization?
Which government is ruled by a king?
Which government is ruled by a few people?
Which government is ruled by the people?
What were men who ruled Athens with absolute authority called?
What was the name of the Greek marketplace?
A group of citizens who met together to make laws. The citizens could speak out and on issues and vote.
When did the classical age of Greece begin?
Describe Sparta's army?
All of life in Sparta focused on making a strong army.
Government in Athens?
Began as an oligarchy, but later became a democracy. Tyrants ruled and laws made at Assembly.
Government in Sparta?
Oligarchy with strong army.
Male citizens in Athens?
Male citizens over 18 could be a part of the Assembly.
Male citizens in Sparta?
All boys were trained in the army and expected to fight for Sparta.
Women in Athens?
Sheltered lives, stayed home, kept house supplied with meals and clothing.
Women in Sparta?
Managed households and held men's jobs when they were off in army. Some women owned property.
One of the leaders of the democracy in Athens,considered one of the best orators of all time.
Athenian historian who recorded the events of the Pelopponesian War.
Battle of Salamis
One of the most decisive battles of the Persian War.
A public speaker
Many city-states formed to defend themselves against major powers.
Sparta formed this league to oppose power Athens was gaining.
How did Sparta start the Pelopponesian War?
Sparta surrounded the city of Athens and began a seige.
Who did Sparta side with to defeat Athens?
Most of what we know about the Pelopponesian War was recorded by______________.
The center of worship and religious life in Athens?
Why are the 400s BC called the Age of Pericles?
Pericles helped rebuild the city.
Advances in levers and other simple machines were made by?
A theorem is a >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>.
Carefully tested idea.
The first man to draw lines of latitude and longitude was .........................
Most people in Aristarchus's day believed......................
the earth was the center of the universe.
Hippocrates is called the Father of Medicine because...............
He did not rely on magic to treat patients
The Olympics were held to ......................
Worship the gods.
One god associated with the arts was...............
Important qualities of Greek art did not include........
One type of Greek column was the .................
The Parthenon was dedicated to the goddess..................
An optical illusion occurs when ..................
an object appears to take a shape it does not have.
poet who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey
a story designed to teach a lesson
Greek slave who wrote famous fables
a huge outdoor theater
mathematician who advanced the lever and compound pulleys
author of the first geometry book
Father of Medicine
a group of nine goddesses who presided over the arts.
emperor who spread Greek culture throughout much of the world
Alexander the Great
A special instrument used to teach math.
a carefully tested idea
the point of a fable is found in a brief closing statement called a _______________.
The emotions of characters in Greek plays were shown on actors'__________________
developing the body through athletics was as important to the Greeks as ____________________________
developing the mind
Important qualities of Greek art were___________________.
harmony, balance, simplicity, beauty, and completeness.
To hold up buildings, Greeks perfected the construction of ______________.
The Parthenon was a temple of white marble that included several ___________________________ in its design.
The spread of Greek culture brought a common _____________________to the Western world.
Olympic games were held in ______________________________
Olympic games honored________________________________
Participants of Olympics were ___________________________
Athletes from all over Greece.
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