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Drugs: Ch 4 and Mod 7
Terms in this set (30)
Psychoactive or psychotropic drug
Chemical substance that impacts behavior, perceptions, moods, or mental processes.
This barrier blocks certain material in the blood from entering brain tissues.
Built with repeated use of (most) psychoactive drugs. Results in the need for greater and greater amounts of the drug to experience the original effects.
Tolerance leads to this. It gives a drug user intense cravings and a physiological need for the drug.
When one suddenly stops taking a substance after long-term usage, there can be distressing, even painful side effects collectively referred to as this.
Drugs that slow nervous system activity.
Opium and its derivatives, such as morphine and heroin; they depress neural activity, temporarily lessening pain and anxiety.
Alters one's perceptions, often causing very dramatic hallucinations.
Drugs that stimulate or activate the nervous system and essentially speed up levels of arousal and activity and suppress appetite.
A psychological need to use a drug, such as to relieve negative emotions.
Compulsive drug craving and use, despite adverse consequences.
Drugs that depress the activity of the central nervous system, reducing anxiety but impairing memory and judgment.
Drugs that stimulate neural activity, causing sped-up body functions and associated energy and mood changes.
A powerfully addictive drug that stimulates the central nervous system, with sped-up body functions and associated energy and mood changes; over time, appears to reduce baseline dopamine levels.
A synthetic stimulant and mild hallucinogen. Produces euphoria and social intimacy, but with short-term health risks and longer-term harm to serotonin-producing neurons and to mood and cognition.
A powerful hallucinogenic drug; also known as acid.
An altered state of consciousness reported after a close brush with death (such as through cardiac arrest); often similar to drug-induced hallucinations.
The major active ingredient in marijuana; triggers a variety of effects, including mild hallucinations.
A process in which a drug user's brain adapts its chemistry to offset the drug effect.
AKA barbiturates; mimic the effects of alcohol.
Hormones secreted within the brain and nervous system. They bind to opiate receptors and reduce the sensation of pain and affect emotions.
A highly addictive crystalized form of methamphetamine, alongside cocaine and heroin as one of the most dangerous drugs.
Methylenedioxymethamphetamine; AKA the official name of ecstasy.
AKA hallucinogens; means "mind manifesting"
A depressant drug; gives an initial high followed by relaxation and disinhibition (lack of restraint), but has adverse effects of depression, memory loss, organ damage, and impaired reactions.
A depressant drug; gives a rush of euphoria and relief from pain, but has adverse effects of depressed physiology and agonizing withdrawal symptoms.
A stimulant drug; gives increased alertness and wakefulness, but with adverse effects of anxiety, restlessness, insomnia in high doses, and uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms.
A stimulant drug; produces a rush of euphoria, confidence, and energy. However, has adverse effects of cardiovascular stress, suspiciousness, and a depressive crash.
A stimulant drug; pleasurable effects include arousal, relaxation, and sense of well-being. However, adverse effects include a strong possibility of attaining heart disease and/or cancer.
Both a depressant and mild hallucinogen drug; pleasurable effects include enhanced sensation, relief of pain, distortion of time, and relaxation. However, adverse effects include impaired learning and memory, increased risk of psychological disorders, and lung damage from smoke.
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