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Science - Mountain Building Vocab Set
Terms in this set (16)
Cracks that form when large blocks or rock break and move past each other.
Blocks of rock on either side of the fault.
The location of where two fault blocks meet.
The block of rocks hanging over the fault.
The block of rocks below the fault.
Fault blocks move past each other horizontally, formed by shearing stress.
Stress that pushes rock in parallel but opposite directions.
Hanging wall moves down and foot wall moves up, formed by tension stress.
Stress that stretches or pulls rock apart.
Hanging wall moves up and foot wall moves down, formed by compression stress.
Stress that squeezes or pushes rock together.
A process that can cause land to rise, can also contribute to mountain building.
Form when rock layers are squeezed together and pushed upward, usually occur at convergent boundaries.
Form when molten rock erupts onto the surface, many major volcanic mountains are located on convergent boundaries, can form on land or on the ocean floor.
Ring Of Fire
The edge of the Pacific Ocean, many active volcanic mountains are located there.
Form when lithosphere breaks into many normal faults, formed by tension stress.
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