NC Biology EOC
Terms in this set (49)
7 Characteristics of Life
Synthesis, Transport, Excretion, Regulation, Nutrition, Growth, Reproduction, and Respiration
The study of organisms and their interactions within an environment
A self supporting area composed of living AND nonliving things , made of abiotic and biotic factors
Nonliving parts of the environment
The living parts of the environment
Composed of all the populations of different organisms living together in a given area
A group of organisms who belong to the same species that live in a given area
Use the energy in sunlight and convert water and carbon dioxide into glucose, or food. Also known as PRODUCERS.
Organisms that do not make their own food. Also known as CONSUMERS.
Eat ONLY plants
Eat ONLY meat
Organic Compounds (4)
Have C-H bond. Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and Nucleic Acids. (Macromolecules)
Process to make exact copy of DNA.
1. All living things are made up of cells
2. Cells are the basic unit of structure and function of living things
3. All cells come from preexisting cells.
Have a nucleus and membrane bound organelles. Include protista, fungi, plant, and animal.
Lack a nucleus and membrane bound organelles. Bacteria.
Command center of cell. Where DNA in the form of chromosomes is found.
Small spheres made of RNA in the cytoplasm which make protein.
Organelle that conducts cellular respiration. Sqwiggle in middle. (Glucose -> ATP)
Organelle that conducts photosythesis.
Jelly like substance in which organelles float inside a cell.
Made of cellulose in plants, outer boundary of some cells. Provides support and structure.
Diffusion. Does not require energy. Moves molecules from areas of high concentration to low.
Non specific movement that requires energy.
A type of diffusion involving the movement of water across a semi permeable membrane.
Used to determine people's fingerprint. Serious of stacked dashes.
Reproduction of body cells.
# of Daughter Cells Formed in Mitosis
Type of cell division which makes sex cells or gametes.
For every chromosome your mother gave you there is a matching chromosome your father gave you.
Sex cells containing only one set of chromosomes. (23)
2 sets of chromosomes. (46)
Prophase 1. Increases diversity and genetic variation.
The genetic code for building a protein is copied from DNA to mRNA.
mRNA travels to.......
__________bonds link Amino Acids Together
The type of genes or alleles present in an organism's genome.
An organism's physical appearence.
2 Alleles of the same form make up the genotype. Pure bred.
2 Different alleles. Hybrid.
Form of gene that always shows, even if the other copy is recessive.
Form of gene only expressed in homozygous state.
Table used to diagram the possibility of certain genotypes in offspring.
Occurs when chromosomes don't separate during meiosis
Trisomy 21. Non disjunction.
Detects a chromosomal mutation caused by nondisjunction.
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, and Species.
2 name naming system. Genus, species.
Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia.