219 terms

Semester 1 Latin Roots Word List for Review

STUDY
PLAY
contradiction
the statement of a position opposite to one already made
contraband
goods that have been imported or exported illegally
contrary
"opposite in nature, direction, or meaning"
counterfeit
made in exact imitation of something valuable or important with the intention to deceive or defraud
counterbalance
a weight that balances another weight.
contrast
the state of being strikingly different from something else
contrarian
a person who opposes or rejects popular opinion
contravene
"violate the prohibition or order of (a law, treaty, or code of conduct)"
mediocre
of only moderate quality; not very good.
medieval
relating to the Middle Ages
mediation
intervention in a dispute in order to resolve it; arbitration.
medial
"situated in the middle, in particular"
median
the strip in the middle of the highway
media
a means by which something is communicated or expressed
medium
a person claiming to be in contact with the spirits of the dead and to communicate between the dead and the living
intermediary
a person who acts as a link between people in order to try to bring about an agreement or reconciliation
transcribe
"put (thoughts, speech, or data) into written or printed form"
transect
to cut across
transparent
allowing light to pass through so that objects behind can be distinctly seen
transport
take or carry (people or goods) from one place to another
translucent
"allowing light, but not detailed images, to pass through"
transfuse
transfer (blood or its components) from one person or animal to another
travesty
represent in a false or distorted way
transfix
"cause (someone) to become motionless with horror, wonder, or astonishment"
ambidextrous
able to use the right and left hands equally well
bipartisan
involving the agreement or cooperation of two political parties that usually oppose each other
bisect
divide into two parts
biracial
concerning or containing members of two racial groups.
biennial
taking place every other year.
combine
unite or merge
bifurcate
divide into two branches or forks
bilingual
speaking two languages fluently.
illuminate
help to clarify or explain
luminance
he intensity of light emitted from a surface per unit area in a given direction
luminary
a prominent person who inspires or influences others
luminescent
something that glows or emits light
photobiotic
requiring light in order to live or thrive
photograph
Two Greek roots (light and drawing) combine to make photograph
photogenic
looking attractive in photographs or on film.
lucid
clear or bright
revive
restore to life or consciousness
vitamin
any of a group of organic compounds that are essential for normal growth and nutrition
vivacious
attractively lively and animated
vivisection
performing operations on live animals for the purpose of experimentation
vivid
"producing powerful feelings or strong, clear images in the mind"
vital
absolutely necessary or important; essential.
revitalize
to breathe new life into something
survivor
a person who lives through a difficult event or experience
interloper
a person who becomes involved in a place or situation where they are not wanted
intersperse
scatter among or between other things; place here and there
interject
say (something) abruptly; especially as an aside or interruption
intercede
intervene on behalf of another
interim
in for a brief or temporary period of time
interdict
to intercept and/or prevent something
interpose
place or insert between one thing and another.
internecine
relating to conflict within a group or organization
irrefutable
impossible to deny or disprove
reprehensible
deserving condemnation
requisite
a thing that is necessary for the achievement of a specified end
rejuvenate
to restore to youth
recant
to reject a belief or statement previously made
remonstrate
to say or plead in protest or disapproval
repute
the state of being highly thought of; fame
refrain
to stop oneself from doing something
vacancy
an unoccupied position or job.
vacation
an extended period away from work
evacuate
remove (someone) from a place of danger to a safe place
vacuum
a space entirely devoid of matter
vacuous
having or showing a lack of thought or intelligence; mindless
vacantly
showing no mental activity
vacate
to leave a place that was previously occupied
vacuole
a small cavity or space in tissue
centennial
relating to a hundredth anniversary
anniversary
a date that is remembered or celebrated on the same day every year
millennium
a period of time equal to 1,000 years
perennial
lasting or existing for a long or apparently infinite time
biannual
occurring twice a year
Superannuated
too old to be useful
Annals
a record of events by year
Annuity
a fixed sum of money paid to someone each year
Aqueduct
an artificial channel for conveying water, typically in the form of a bridge
Aquarium
• a transparent tank of water for fish and other water creatures
Aquatic
Relating to, living in, or growing in water
Aqueous
of or containing water, typically as a solvent or medium.
Aquarist
person who studies aquatic life; owner of an aquarium
Aquifer
an underground layer of rock that water continually moves through
Aquanaut
one who travels under water; a person trained to work in an under water chamber
Hydraulic
moved or operated or effected by liquid (water or oil)
Scripture
the books of the Bible or a body of writings considered sacred
Hydrant
a faucet for drawing water from a pipe or cask
Scribble
to write hastily or carelessly without regard to legibility or form
Prescription
a written set of directions for taking a medicine
Manuscript
a written or typewritten composition or document as distinguished from a printed copy
Circumscribe
to define or mark off carefully
Proscribe
to condemn or forbid as harmful or unlawful; to publish the name of as condemned to death
Inscription
a short dedication written in a book or engraved on something, such as a coin or monument
Scribe
a copier of manuscripts
Ascribe
to say or think that (something) is caused by, comes from, or is associated with a particular person or thing
mortgage
a legal agreement in which a bank lends money for a title in a property
morgue
a place where dead bodies are kept
post-mortem
an examination after the death of a thing
mortification
a feeling of profound humiliation OR the death of one part of the body
moribund
at the point of death, lacking energy or vigor
immortalize
to give something fame that will last forever
mortally
in a deadly or fatal manner
mortuary
a funeral home
revolver
a pistol with a revolving chamber that allows for several shots w/o reloading
involve
cause a person or group to participate in an activity
volubility
talking fluently, readily, or incessantly; talkativeness
convoluted
a story, argument, or sentence that is folded, twisted, or coiled, making it hard to understand
revolution
a forcible overthrow of a system in favor of a new one
evolution
gradual development of a thing, usually from simpler to more complex form
devolve
transfer power to a lower level
vault
a roof in the form of an arch or series of arches
benediction
a blessing, especially at the end of a religious service
benevolent
well meaning and kindly
benign
a disease, symptom, or change that is not harmful
benefactor
a person who gives money or other aid to a cause
beneficiary
a person who gets a benefit from a thing, like an inheritance
bonafide
something that is genuine, real
bonus
an additional sum of money or gift for good performance
bon voyage
an expression wishing someone a good journey
audit
formal examination of an organization's accounts/financial records
inaudible
something that cannot be heard
audiology
the study of hearing
auditorium
the part of the theater or auditorium where the audience sits
auscultation
listening to sounds of the heart and lungs
audiologist
health care worker who evaluates hearing and hearing loss
acousma
an auditory hallucination
acoustic
musical instruments without electrical amplification
nonsense
spoken or written words that have no meaning or sense
non sequitur
a statement that does not follow logically from what was said before
nonprofit
not maintained for the purpose of making money
nonentity
a person or thing of little consequence or significance
nonchalant
having an air of unconcern or indifference
nonfat
lacking fat solids
nonpartisan
free from party affiliation, bias or designation
nonverbal
using signals other than spoken words to communicate
nondescript
lacking descriptive or interesting qualities
obstructive
hindering, opposing, blocking
destruction
the act of destroying
infrastructure
the system of public works, like bridges and roads, in a place
substructure
the underlying or supporting structure of a thing
constructive
promoting development or growth
miscontrue
interepret someone's words or actions incorrectly
instrumental
something that is valuable towards a goal
construe
to interpret something in a specific way
circumvent
to get around; to bypass
circumference
the distance around a circle
circumstantial
suggesting that something is true without proving it
circumspect
cautious
circumlocution
an indirect way of expressing something
circumscribe
to draw a circle around; to restrict
circumnavigate
to sail around the world
circuit
a path for an electrical current to flow around
emit
to send out; to give forth, as in sound or light
commitment
A pledge or promise
admittance
the right to enter
unremitting
not stopping or slowing down; constant
intermittent
stopping and beginning again, sporadic
omit
to leave out
missive
a written note or letter
emmissary
messenger
spectacles
glasses that help someone see better
introspective
inward looking
retrospective
looking back at past things
aspect
a part that can be considered or viewed
inspection
the act of examining or reviewing
respectable
worthy of respect
estimable, honorable, reputable
spectrum
broad range of related values or qualities or ideas or activities
speculate
To form opinions without definite knowledge or evidence
projectile
an object that is thrown
injection
the throwing of medicine into flesh by a needle
objective
a goal or purpose
trajectory
the path of a moving object
reject
to throw something out because it's defective
ballistics
the study of the dynamics of projectiles
parabola
the shape of the graph of a quadratic function
parable
a simple story that illustrates a moral or religious lesson
quadrant
one of four sections into which the coordinate plane is divided
quadruped
a four-footed creature
quadruplets
four people born at the same time
quadriceps
a muscle group consisting of four muscles that is located along the front of the thigh
quadrennial
happening every four years
quadrisect
to cut into four equal parts
quadrangle
a four-sided enclosure usually surrounded by buildings
quadriplegic
a person who is paralyzed in both arms and both legs
precocious
talented beyond one's age
predicament
a difficult situation
predilection
a preference toward someone or something
prescient
to have foreknowledge of events
preamble
an introduction to a speech or piece of writing
predispose
to incline to beforehand
preponderance
a great amount or frequency
prevaricate
to lie or deviate from the truth
concept
a general idea or thought about something
exceptional
unusual, extraordinary
imperceptible
barely noticeable
preconception
An opinion formed before having enough information or experience
inception
the beginning of something
deception
the act of deceiving
intercept
to stop something from reaching its intended destination
conceptual
theoretical, abstract
attractive
appealing
extract
to pull out by force
distraction
something that draws attention away
tract
a major passage in the body
retract
to take back
protract
to prolong
distraught
deeply upset and agitated
intractable
not easily managed or manipulated
benediction
a good blessing in a religious service
dictatorial
domineering; oppressively overbearing
jurisdiction
(law) the right and power to interpret and apply the law
malediction
a curse
diction
word choice
indict
to officially charge with wrongdoing or a crime
edict
an official order
predict
to say what will happen before it occurs
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR