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Terms in this set (59)
An offense that was originally defined to protect the family and related social institutions.
A crime committed against property.
A crime committed against a person.
Strict Liability Crime
Liability without fault or intention
The encouraging, requesting, or commanding of another person to commit a crime.
An agreement between two or more people to commit or to effect the commission of an unlawful act or to use unlawful means to accomplish an act that is not unlawful.
An improper or illegal inducement to crime by enforcement agents.
The unlawful killing of a human being without malice.
An unlawful killing of a human being without malice that is done intentionally during sudden heat of passion. Also, a killing committed without lawful justification, wherein the defendant acted under a sudden and intense passion resulting from adequate provocation.
An unintentional killing of which criminal liability is imposed but that does not constitute murder. Also, the unintentional killing of a person during the commission of a lesser unlawful act, or the killing of someone during the commission of a lawful act, which nevertheless results in an unlawful death.
An unlawful killing (not justified), of another person, with malice aforethought
Murder plus one or more aggravating factors as specified by law.
Murder for which the death penalty is authorized by law.
Murder that was planned in advance and willfully carried out.
The killing of a human being by the act, punishment, or omission of another human being
: The purposeful, knowing, reckless, or negligent killing of one human by another human. Criminal homicide may be classified as murder, manslaughter, or negligent homicide.
1) Homicide that is permitted under the law. 2) A killing justified for the good of the society. 3) The killing of another in self-defense when danger or serious bodily harm exists. 4) The killing of a person according to one's duties or out of necessity but without blame.
Criminal Negligence Homicide
Homicide that results from criminal negligence.
The killing of a human being by criminal negligence or by the failure to exercise reasonable, prudent care. Also, a criminal offense committed by one whose negligence is the direct and proximate cause of another's death.
Attempt or threatened battery. A willful attempt or willful threat to inflict injury on another person. Have to have the present ability to carry out the violence.
An assault that is committed with the intention of committing an additional crime.
1) Unlawful physical violence inflicted on another without his or her consent
2) An intentional and offensive touching or wrongful physical contact with another,Without consent, that results in some injury or offends or causes discomfort
A battery that is committed with the use of a deadly weapon, that is committed with the intention of committing another crime, or that results in serious injury.
Criminal Sexual Conduct
A gender-neutral term applied today to a wide variety of sex offenses, including rape, sodomy, criminal sexual conduct with a child, and deviate sexual behavior.
The unlawful restraint of another person's liberty.
Under common law, unlawful sexual intercourse with a female without her consent. Force (without consent) for sexual intercourse
Rape that is accomplished against a person's will by means of force, violence, duress, menace, or fear of intimidate and unlawful bodily injury to the victim.
The unlawful removal of a person from the place where he or she is found, against the person's will and through the use of force, or some other form of intimidation.
The intentional infliction of injury on another that causes the removal of, seriously disfigures, or impairs the function of a member or organ of the body.
A statutory crime that combines all sexual offences into one offense. It is broader than the common law of rape.
The unlawful touching of an intimate part of another person against that person's will and for the purpose of sexual arousal, gratification, or abuse.
Oral or anal copulation between people of the same or different gender or between a human being and an animal.
The intentional frightening of another through following, harassing, annoying, tormenting, or terrorizing activities.
The trespassory or wrongful taking and carrying away (asportation) of the personal property of another with intent to steal.
The making of false written instrument or the material alteration of an existing genuine written instrument.
The misappropriation of property already in the possession of the defendant. Also, the unlawful conversion of the personal property of another by a person to whom it has been entrusted by its rightful owner.
Knowingly and unlawfully obtaining title to, and possession of the lawful property of another by means of deception and with intent to defraud.
The unlawful taking of property that is in the immediate possession of another by force or by threat of force.
The trespassory taking and carrying away (as of personal property in the crime of larceny or the victim in kidnapping)
The taking of personal property by threat of future harm.
The offering, passing, or attempted passing of a forged instrument with knowledge that the document is false and with intent to defraud.
Breach of Peace
Any unlawful activity that unreasonably disturbs the peace and tranquility of the community.
Specific, purposeful, and unlawful behavior that tends to cause public inconvenience, annoyance, or alarm
Unlawful public fighting undertaken for the purpose of winning an award or a prize
A fight between two or more people in a public place to the terror of others
A gathering of three or more people for the purpose of doing an unlawful act or for the purpose of doing a lawful act in a violent, boisterous, or tumultuous manner
A tumultuous disturbance of the peace by three or more people assembled of their own authority
Under common law, the act of going about from place to place by a person without visible means of support. Who was idle, and who, thought able to work for his or her maintenance, refused to do so and lived without labor or on the charity of others
The act of delaying, lingering, or idling about without a lawful reason for being present
A crime that consists of a communication or agreement intended to defame the government or to incite treason
The willful giving of false testimony under oath in a judicial proceeding.
Deliberate conduct calculated to obstruct or embarrass a court of law.
Obstruction of Justice
An unlawful attempt to interfere with the administration of the courts, the judicial system, or law enforcement officers or who seek justice in a court or whose duties involve the administration of justice.
The crime of obstructing or opposing a peace officer who is making an arrest.
The offense of giving or receiving a gift or reward intended to influence a person in the exercise of a judicial or public duty.
The commission of a traditional crime, such as murder, with the intention of coercing a population or influencing a government through fear or intimidation.
The crime of levying war against, or supporting the enemy of, one's nation.
Illegal immigration in which an agent is paid to help a person cross national border secretly.
The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act.
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