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Unit 5 Curch History

Unit 5 Church History Test on December 3, 2010
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Avignon Papacy Names
Babylonian Captivity, Avignon Papacy, Papal Exile
Avignon Papacy Years
1305-1377
A.P. Basic Definition
7 Popes reside in Avignon, France though they're still Bishops of Rome
Overview of A.P.
France grows in power, Pope Clement V leaves Rome
Reasons for the movement to Avignon
1. turmoil among noble families in Rome
2. Clement V was French in his sympathies, close to Philip, French himself
3. to assist in tensions b/w France and England
Urban V
tried to move back to Rome but caved under pressure
St. Catherine of Siena
intensive prayer and fasting, received stigmata, had a vision of Pope Gregory XI and his desire to move back to Rome, encouraged he moved back to Rome
Pope Gregory XI
returns to Rome in 1377, ends Avignon Papacy
Western Schism Names
Western Schism, Papal Schism
Western Schism Years
1378-1416
Basic Definition of Western Schism
time with 1 or 2 antipopes and confusion over who the real pope was
1378
Gregory XI dies, Pope Urban VI validly elected Pope by French Cardinals (said it was unanimous and free; later say it wasn't)
Pope Urban VI
very strict/harsh on addressing issues - upsets French Cardinals
Clement VII
elected by French Cardinals post-election as Antipope; declare Urban VI invalid; creates confusion
1409 - Council of Pisa
Conciliarism heresy that upholds the authority of a council as greater than papal authority
2nd Antipope elected
16th EC of Constance
1414-1418
1 Antipope loses support, 1 Antipope revokes his claim, Pope Gregory XII (real Pope) agrees to abdicate (step down)
1417 - elect Pope Martin V - end of W. Schism
1417
Election of Pope Martin V
end of W. Schism
15th Century
Renaissance
Humanism
Good form vs. Evil form
Theocentric vs. Anthropocentric
God centered vs. Human centered
16th Century
emergence of Protestantism
Martin Luther, John Calvin, Ulrich Zwingli, Henry VIII
Martin Luther
Germany, Augustinian Monk
struggle with scrupulosity, saw human nature as corrupt, how can people possibly be worth salvation
95 Theses, Augsburg Confession, translated Bible into German
95 Theses
Wittenberg, 1517, addressed the issue of simony within indulgences and criticized the Church
Protestantism
Founded by Martin Luther
Sola Fide, Scriptura, Gratia
Sola Fide
salvation by "faith alone"
Sola Scriptura
"scripture alone" is the channel of divine revelation
Sola Gratia
by "grace alone" does any good occur
1530
Augsburg Confession
John Calvin
France, wrote Institutes of the Christian Religion, Sola Scriptura, man is total savage, Double Predestination
Double Predestination
ppl are determined if they go to heaven or hell by God, ppl to heaven are "elect"
Jacobus Arminius (Post-Calvin)
said predestination is based on God's foreknowledge and of who will have faith
Calvin response to Arminius
Synod of Dort
TULIP
Total Depravation
Universal Predestination
Limited Atonement
Irresistable Grace
Perseverance of the Elect
Ulrich Zwingli
Sola Fide, rejects papacy, attack Sacraments, inconoclast
Henry VIII
married to Catherine of Aragon, kills Cardial Wosley and St. thomas More, married Anne Boleyn, Act of Supremacy
Act of Supremacy
made Henry VIII head of Church and State
St. Thomas More
refuses Act of Supremacy, imprisoned, beheaded
Last Words: "I die the King's good servant, but God's first."
St. John Fisher
beheaded by Henry VIII
Edward I
king after Henry VIII, but died young due to illness
Mary I
took over after Edward I died
tried to restore Catholic practice - brutal = Bloody Mary
Elizabeth I
too over after Mary I
attacked Catholic practices, solidifies Church of England as its own entity
19th E.C. of Trent
called by Pope Paul III, 1545-1563
Goals of Council of Trent
1. Correct Abuses and Strengthen Discipline
simony and indulgences, regulation for Bishops, edu. of Priests
Clarity of Doctrines that were under attack
Scripture and Sacred tradition are channels of divine revelation
faith and works are both necessary for salvation
original sin doesn't make man totally corrupt
we can merit good actions
All 7 Sacraments and 73 books of Scripture are valid
St. Peter of Canisius
Doctor of the Church, wrote 3 Catechisms (one for adults, one for children, one for students)
St. Charles Borromeo
Bishop of Milan, model Bishop
St. Philip Neri
"Reformer of Rome"
St. Teresa of Avila
Doctor of the Church, reformer of the Carmelite Order
St. Ignatius of Loyola
Society of Jesus/Jesuits, taught Post-Trent