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50 terms

pax romana

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what did it start and end?
27 BC- 181 BC
A strong empire included a strong what?
government, economy, military
What was the strongest force of the empire?
goverment
Who ran the government?
the emperor
What did the emperor do?
appointed officials to provinces
and
provincial governors
Roman law helped what?
to unify the empire
What was the Greek idea?
law was dictated by nature, therefore common to all people
Did trade flourish?
yes
what was the greatest commercial center in "trade"
agriculture; the primary occupation
Italian farmers worked on _____ farms
large
Provinces worked _____ farms
small
What kind of transportation did the Romans have?
roads and bridges
where did the highways extend to?
army outpost
The roman army kept what through its borders?
peace
armies used ____ to maintain peace in the provinces
force
The were originally the soldiers that guarded _____ of the emporer?
headquarters
what happened in the life of the empire?
period of great prosperity throughout the empire
the life of the wealthy had,,,
leisure time
True or false: slaves were the least fortunate of the classes
true
slavery was or was not essential to Roman economy
was not
what were some brutal sports?
boxing, gladiator fights
What was a colonus?
a tenant farmer
What was there theatre?
mimes, jugglers, clowns
who is the physician that summarized all medical knowledge?
Galen
Who was an astronomer?
Ptolemy
what was the ptolemaic system?
earth was the center of the universe
where did they get there knowledge the plan their cities from?
Greek
applied their scientific knowledge to....
farming, livestock breeding
architecture : mainly used
concrete
architecture consisted of....
arches, aqueducts
Who was one of Rome's greatest poets?
Virgil
Virgil wrote an epic poem called...
Aeneid
Virgil considered writing a sequel for...
Homer's Iliad
Virgil wrote how many book of Poems?
12
Who was a Roman historian who recalled Rome's heroic past to write history of Rome
Livy
Who used light satire and wrote human emotions?
Horace
Who wrote love poems?
Ovid
What was a collection of myths written in verse that was about The Giants War , Deadalus and Icarus ?
Metamorphoses
Metamorphoses consisted of how many myths?
250
Who was a great orator, philosopher, politician, passionate about law, and famous for political works?
Cicero
Who was a great historian who wrote Annals, which is the history of Rome under the Julian emperors and Germania which praised Germans to show low moral standards of the Romans?
Tacitus
who is a romanized Greek that wrote Parallel lives, which was a collection of greek and roman biographies (shakespeare borrowed from writing)
Plutarh
How many letters were there in the Roman alphabet at the beginning of the Christian era
23
Were there lower case letters?
no
Which letters were used only for writing word of greek origins?
K V Z
Which letters were added at a later stage to write words of other languages other than latin (English)?
J Y W
Today we use how many letters of the Roman alphabet?
26
Who used Latin during services until AD 1960s?
Roman Catholic Church
What was Latin part of?
Most Romance languages
What portion of English words have Latin origins?
1/3