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A _____ _______ is a local circulation that occurs at night as a result of land cooling off more rapidly than water at the beach
A _____ _______ is a local circulation (wind) that occurs during the day as a result of land heating up more rapidly than water at the beach
A _________ ______ occurs at night as mountain slopes cool rapidly due to radiational cooling, and the cooled air flows downward into the valley
A ______ _______ occurs during the day as valley walls are heated by solar radiation and the heated air rises
A _____ _______ is a zone where relatively light (warmer) air advances moving over colder air
A ____ ______ is a zone of transition between a mass of cold air moving forward and under a mass of hot air.
A ________ ______ is a zone of transition between air masses with different densities which are not moving (or are moving very little)
A huge convection current in which the air rises over the equator and sinks at the subtropical anticyclones
In response to the atmospheric ________ ________ air moves from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure
The result of a balance between gravity and vertical atmospheric pressure gradient
The ________ ______ occurs because of the rotation of the earth; it twists winds to the right in the Northern Hemisphere
When isobars are closely spaced, the horizontal air pressure gradient is strong and strong _____ occurs
_________ (with trees, buildings, ect.) causes horizontal winds blowing near the earth's surface to slow down
Airplane crashes sometimes result when _________ _______ occurs (the wind speed and/or direction change suddenly and unexpectedly)
Huge convection current in which air rises over the equator and sinks at the subtropic anticyclone
An area of calm winds in the subtropical anticyclones where air is sinking so it's hot and dry
Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ)
Thunderstorms at the equator where winds come together and rise
At the ITCZ where weather is the same day after day as thunderstorms occur but horizontal winds are light because air rising
Local wind circulation that occurs at night as a result of land cooling off faster than the water
Prevailing winds in meat of the U.S. caused by the fact that winds blowing northward from 30 N of the equator, the winds are twisted to the right so they end up blowing west to east
Air moving southward from 30 N of the equator is twisted to the right by the coreolis force so winds blow from the east
Large body of air with similar properties of temperature and humidity in any horizontal direction
Result of balance between the upward vertical pressure gradient force and gravity
What three factors affect the Coriolis force, and how do they affect it?
1. Latitude: lowest at the equator, highest at the poles (Coriolis force)
2. Wind Speed: Faster wind, greater deflection to Coriolis force
3. Rotation of the earth
Counter Clockwise, Inward
Air circulation around a surface low pressure area is __________________ and ____________
1000, 30, 760
Standard air pressure is approximately _____ millibars, ___ inches of mercury, and ____ millimeters of mercury
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