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12 terms

Chapter 11- Music and Speech Perception

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pitch
the psychological aspect of sound related mainly to the fundamental frequency
octave
the interval between two sound frequencies having a ration of 2:1
tone height
a sound quality corresponding to the level of pitch; monotonically related to frequency
tone chroma
a sound quality shared by tones that have the same octave interval
chord
a combination of three or more musical notes with different pitches played simultaneously
melody
an arrangement of notes or chords in succession
tempo
the perceived speed of the presentation of sounds
vocal tract
the airway above the larynx used for the production of speech; includes the oral tract and nasal tract
articulation
the act of manner of producing a speech sound using the vocal tract
formant
a resonance of the vocal tract; specified by their center frequency and are denoted by integers that increase with relative frequency
spectogram
a pattern for sound analysis that provides a three-dimensional display plotting time on the horizontal axis, frequency on the vertical axis, and intensity on a color or gray scale
coarticulation
the phenomenon in speech whereby attributes of successive speech units overlap in articulatory or acoustic patterns