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Terms in this set (48)
What town was Jesus born in? What famous ancestor of Jesus was from that same town?
Jesus was born in Bethlehem
Famous ancestor= King David
What does Jesus mean? What does Emmanuel mean?
Jesus= Yahweh Saves
Emmanuel= God is with us
What Old testament figure does John the Baptist represent? What theme was John the Baptist really big on preaching about?
John the Baptist represents Elijah
John the Baptist is really big on preaching repentance and preparation
How long do most people think Jesus' ministry lasted? When did Jesus begin his ministry?
Ministry lasted 3-4 years
Began his ministry when he was about 30 years old
Where was Jesus baptized? Who was he baptized by? What descended on Jesus like a dove?
Baptized in the Jordan and was baptized by John the baptized
The Holy Spirit descended on Jesus like a dove
How long was Jesus in the desert?
40 days he was in the desert
What is a Pharisee?
- believe in resurrection and divine judgement
- followed the law strictly
- thought they were better then other Jews
- were criticized by Jesus heavily
What is a Sadducee?
- priestly and aristocrats (wealthy/powerful)
- found in Jerusalem
- only the Torah was inspired by God
- no resurrection of dead, morality, and no angles
- made up of Sanhedrin (Jewish ruling body)= Sanhedrin killed Jesus
What is a Essenes?
- believed the end of the world or a major event was coming
- lived in communities in wilderness (desert)
- typically didn't marry
- we think John the Baptist was an Essenes
What is a Zealot?
-wanted to overthrow the romans using war
- Jesus spoke against violence of zealots
- began a revolution in year 66 (they lost)= Romans destroyed Israel and temple
What is a Gentile?
• believers either converted and were circumcised or were "God-fearing" who accepted many Jewish beliefs but were not
What is Hellenism?
An openness to Greek or Roman culture
• jews fought themselves about how much Greek or Roman culture to let into their lives
What is low Christology? What is high Christology?
Low Christology= focusing more on the reality part of Jesus and the things he did on earth
High Christology= focusing more on the divine part of Jesus (John focused more on this)
What is the hypostatic union?
Gods human nature and divine nature perfectly united in Jesus
What is the annunciation?
The angle Gabriel came to Mary and told her that she would have a son and name him Jesus and will be son of most high. Mary was confuse for she hasn't had relations with a man. The Holy Spirit would come upon her and the most high will overshadow her. She found out Elizabeth was having a son as well.
What is the immaculate conception?
Where Mary was protected from original sin, she was sinless and she was conceived
What is the incarnation?
Jesus becoming fully human and that he was perfect in humanity and spiritually.
what were women treated like in Jesus' time? What expectations did Jesus have for the women?
Women didn't have very many rights there job was to take care of the house and children
Jesuses expected the same religious standards from men and women
What does INRI represent? What does it being in three languages represent? How are we suppose to be like children?
INRI= Jesus the Nazorean, The King of the Jews
We are supposed to be like children of God by being humble
The three languages represent that Jesus is the savior of the world and known by all
What great Jewish king was Jesus' ancestor?
In the gospels Jesus said that it is better to be dead and completely cut from society then to commit what great sin?
Causing another to sin
The arrest of Jesus accuses in a garden. What is significant about it happening in a garden?
It was a connection from genesis= original sin happened in a garden, the start of Jesus' passion
Tell and explain the parable of the Pearl and Great Price
Kingdom of heaven is like treasure buried in died= sells all he has to buy field
". " merchant searching for pearls= when he finds a great pearl
sells all and buys it
". " net thrown into sea= collects fish and what's good keeps bad
Angels will separate wicked from righteous.
What does the Gold, frankincense, and Myrrh represent?
Gold= King of kings
Frankincense= priest of priest
Myrrh= honor sacrifice
What do the exorcisms of Jesus teach us about demons?
1. They hate humans with a passion
2. They have knowledge of God
3. They are completely under the authority of Jesus
What do we know about the pope from Peters Confession in Matthew 16:13-20?
The papacy is created (pope)
Jesus starts a church
Gives power to pope and church
Peter is the first pope
Why must humans forgive each other infinitely?
Because god forgives us infinitely and we must be like God to get to our end goal
What is the messianic secret and why does Jesus want it?
Messianic secret= not wanting people to spread that he was the messiah and this was because if people knew they would expect the wrong thing
During the transfiguration what does Peter wanting to build a tent teach us about our lives?
When Peter suggested building tents it meant that they were going to be there for a long time. The disciples wanted to stay in the glory and the good but this teaches us that at one point we need to go back to reality.
How are you supposed to deal with someone who is in great sin?
1) speak one on one
2) bring others to try and convince them
3) bring the church in
4) they have fully rejected the faith
What happens to a couple at marriage?
They become one flesh, what God joined together cannot be separated
What does the parable of the workers in the vineyard(Mt 20:1-16) tell us about Gods Justice?
This tells us in Gods eyes the first are last and the last are first
What dies Mary tell the servants at the wedding at Cana? What does that mean for us?
At the wedding of Cana they ran out of wine and the servers told Mary and she told Jesus and he said what of this affects me. Mary told the waiters to do as Jesus told them. Mary tells us what to do because she is our mother. This means that we must demand nothing from God.
What is the significance for us today when Jesus gives his mother to the Beloved Disciple?
This is the moment when Mary is made our mother— Jesus gives us Mary at the cross
For John's gospel what does the light represent? What does the darkness represent?
Light= great faith
Darkness= lesser faith or doubtful
At the crucifixion in John's gospel why does Jesus drink wine right before his death?
Because it connects it back to the Passover wine the last supper didn't end until the moment drank the win before he died. As well as to fulfill the scripture
How did John the Baptist die?
John the Baptist had called King Herod out for stealing another mans wife, so Herod arrested him. Each day John would tell great stories and Herod would listen and learned he liked the guy. King Herod threw a party where his daughter performed and he thought it was so good he told her he would giver her anything she wanted. After thinking his daughter wanted John the Baptist's head on a platter. Herod didn't want to but he did anyway
Describe the baptism of Jesus
One day Jesus went to John the Baptist and asked him to be baptized. John told him he should be baptizing him an could baptize him. Jesus said he wanted to be an example for others to show it is important to get baptized. John took him and laid him in the water til he was covered and brought him above water. When he was baptized the heavens opened and came upon him through a dove. A voice said this is my son, I love him and am pleased with him.
Explain the miracle of the Transfiguration
Jesus took Peter James and John up a mountain, when they got there Jesus transfigured into a bright light then Moses and Elijah appeared. Peter asked Jesus if he should make three tents (signifying they were going to be there for a while). A bright cloud came upon them and a voice that said this is my son listen to him. The disciples fell and were afraid. Jesus came and said rise and do not be afraid the disciples rose and only saw Jesus.
Explain the miracle of the Multiplication fo the fishes and loaves
A large crowd followed Jesus because he was performing on the sick. Jesus asked his disciples where they could buy food for the people to eat (to test them). A disciples brought up 5 loaves and 2 fish a little boy had. Jesus took the loaves gave thanks and gave to the people and same with the fish. The people could have as much as they wanted by the time everyone was done there were still much left.
Tell and explain the parable of the Good Samaritan
A man was traveling and ran into thieves who stripped him of his clothes and beat him leaving him half dead. A priest walked by and saw the man and kept walking, the same thing happened with a Levite. But a Samaritan saw and had compassion for the man. He put oil on his wounds and brought him to an inn to be taken care of.
Describe the story of the birth of Jesus
One day angle Gabriel appeared to Mary and told her that she would bare a son and name him Jesus and she was confused because she had no relations with a man, but the angle told her that it was from the Holy Spirit. Once Mary told Joseph he wasn't pleased and he wanted to secretly divorce her since they hadn't had any relations. While Jospeh was sleeping an angle came to him and told him that Mary hadn't committed adultery but the Holy Spirit came upon her. King Herod had made an announcement that all men would need to return to their hometown for a census. So Mary and Joseph had to travel to Bethlehem while Mary was pregnant. Once they got their they needed a place to have their baby so they went to every inn and no one had room but one had a stable and that is where they had baby Jesus. The first to visit were the 3 kings.
What are the three temptations of Jesus in the desert? How do you see the devil using each of these three temptations in you life?
The three temptations of Jesus= Stone into bread (comfort), all the kingdoms of the world (earthly power- having authority over others), and control God (power over God- you decide something's instead of god is my master)
Explain the story of the Samaritan women from Johns gospel?
Jesus stopped at Jacobs well to get a drink and a Samaritan women came near and he asked her for a drink. The women went at noon meaning high faith she was ashamed of her sins. The women was very confused and asked how a Jew could ask a Samaritan for a drink. Jesus told the women that anyone who drinks the water he gives her will never be thirst again (spiritually). Jesus told her to go get her husband she responded and said she didn't have a husband. He said you have 5 and the one now is not your husband. Jesus told her he was the messiah, when she heard this she went to town and told everyone. They went and saw and invited him to stay for 2 days— many more believers. In beginning she calls him Jew by the end she called him messiah their faith grows.
Explain what the story of the Bread of Life Discourse from Johns gospel teaches us about the Eucharist?
When one eats the body of Christ the faith will be strong. When they come to the Eucharist they will have a deeper relationship with Jesus. If we eat Jesus or the body of Christ we will live forever and see what eternal life means. Anyone who receives Eucharist will not be lost. People want to be physically filled but he wants us spiritually filled. We must actually chew his body and drink his blood to be closer to christ.
Describe the Passion of Jesus (Begin with Jesus in the Garden and end with the burial)
Jesus brought the disciples to the garden so he could pray. He took Peter and two others and told them to wait as he prayed further ahead. He returned and found them asleep and asked why they couldn't keep watch for an hour and told them to stay awake. He did this 2 more times after and found them asleep each time. While Jesus was talking to disciples Judas showed up with crowd who had swords and knifes— came from chief priest. Judas the betrayer told them the one I kiss is the one to be arrested. So he went to Jesus and kissed him and Jesus was arrested. Jesus was taken to the high priest— they wanted him dead. One man told him that Jesus said he could destroy the temple and rebuild it in 3 days. The high priest wasn't happy and addressed Jesus he told him he would see the son of man. He tore his garments off and accused him of blasphemy. Peter was in the courtyard and asked if he was with Jesus and he denied it, he was asked this 3 times and denied each, after he remembered what Jesus said about someone will betray me before the crow cocked 2 twice he weeped. Jesus was out before pilot and asked if he was the king of the Jews and said if you say so. Pilot asked the crowd who they wanted released Barabbas or Jesus the messiah. They wanted Jesus the messiah to be crucified. The soldiers stripped him of his clothes and gave him a crown of thrown— when Jesus was put up on his cross the sign said Jesus the Nazorean, king of the Jews. At 3 Jesus yelled my god my god why have you forsaken me. They brought him wine to drink and soon he fell to sleep. The morning after the women went to the tomb to anoint the body and saw an angle who told them Jesus wasn't in the tomb for he had resurrected and they were to go tell the disciples.
Explain the Easter morning resurrection story at the tomb
There were some women that were going to Jesus' tomb to anoint the body when they showed up at the tomb, where they saw the tomb was rolled back and there wan angle there and told them Jesus wasn't in the tomb and that they were to go tell the disciples about what they heard. On there way they met Jesus and they embraced his feet and did him homage. He told the women to tell the disciples to go to Galilee where he would be. They told the disciples and Peter doubted and fled.
Jesus' time in the desert mirrors who else being in the desert?
The Israelites and Moses
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