56 terms

last unit us 2019

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stock market crash
Investors started a panic by everyone selling their stock
Glass-Steagall Act
(Banking Act of 1933) - Established the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and included banking reforms, some designed to control speculation (banks playing the market with depositor's money)
Black Tuesday
October 29, 1929; date of the worst stock-market crash in American history and beginning of the Great Depression.
Herbert Hoover
Republican President; approach to economy was to avoid destroying individuality/self-reliance by government. Relied more on private enterprise. Hoped the Great Depression could end through people's generosity and charitable actions.
Federal Deposit and Insurance Corporation
insures money in banks
Securities and Exchange Commission
monitors the stock market and enforces laws regulating the sale of stocks and bonds
Bank Holiday
closed all banks until gov. examiners could investigate their financial condition; only sound/solvent banks were allowed to reopen
Great Depression
(1929-1939) The dramatic decline in the world's economy results in millions of people losing their jobs as banks and businesses closed around the world. Many people were reduced to homelessness, and had to rely on government sponsored soup kitchens to eat.
New Deal
President Franklin Roosevelt's programs to combat economic depression enacted a number of social insurance measures and used government spending to stimulate the economy; increased power of the state and the state's intervention in U.S. social and economic life.
Hoovervilles
Makeshift shacks where those suffering from the depression lived outside industrial centers and cities
TVA
(Tennessee Valley Authority Act) Relief, Recover, and Reform. one of the most important New Deal acts that built a hyro-electric dam for a needed area.
CCC
Civilian Conservation Corps. It was a New Deal relief program that provided work for young men 18-25 years old in food control, planting, flood work, etc.
WPA
Work Progress Administration: New Deal relief program that provided massive work projects ranging from construction to acting
Critics of the New Deal
said it made the government too big and put the government in too much debt
German economy
Germany printed money to pay their debt which created high inflation and made them desperate
Beer Hall Putsch
In 1923 the Nazis attempted to overthrow the German government. It was a total failure, and Hitler received a brief prison sentence during which time he wrote Mein Kampf.
Mein Kampf
'My Struggle' by Hitler, later became the basic book of Nazi goals of expansion and ideology, reflected obsession to persecute the Jews and showed the anger at the Treaty of Versailles
Kristallnacht
(Night of the Broken Glass) November 9, 1938, when mobs throughout Germany destroyed Jewish property and terrorized Jews.
Munich Conference
1938-Meeting between British,French,and German leaders in which Germany was given control of the Sudetenland in exchange for German leader Hitler's promise to make no more claimes on European territory
Jewish Restrictions
wealth taken, businesses destroyed, rights taken away, forced to wear the Star of David and forced relocation
appeasement
A policy of making concessions to an aggressor in the hopes of avoiding war. Associated with making concessions to Adolf Hitler at the Munich Conference
Non-Aggression Pact
Secret agreement between German leader Hitler and Soviet Leader Stalin not to attack one another and to divide Poland. This give Stalin time to rebuild his military and allows Hitler to avoid a two-front war.
Alexander Graham Bell
Invented the telephone
Archduke Francis Ferdinand
Assassinated by the Gavrilo Princip of the Black Hand
cowboys
Cattle handlers who drove large herds across the southern Great Plains to cow towns
Fireside Chats
radio broadcasts made by FDR to the American people to explain his initiatives
Hayes Election
Hayes was elected and in return the military was withdrawn from the South
Harper's Ferry
Location of federal arsenal that John Brown raided to get guns to arm slaves
Lincoln's Assassination
shot and killed by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C., April 14, 1865
Neutrality Act
America issued in WWI and WWII
rationing
A limited portion or allowance of food or goods; limitation of use during WWI so to save products for the soldiers
Samuel Morris
invented the telegraph in Morse code
Boston Tea Party
protest against increased tea prices in which colonists dumped British tea into Boston harbor
Boston Massacre
Clash between British soldiers and a Boston mob, March 5, 1770, in which five colonists were killed.
Thomas Jefferson
Author of the Declaration of Independence
Constitution
A formal plan of government
executive branch
the branch of government that carries out laws
legislative branch
the branch of government that makes the laws
judicial branch
the branch of government that interprets laws
Judicial Review
The power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional
Trickle Down Theory
decreased income taxes for the wealthy would promote business and therefore the whole economy
Jacob Riis
Photographer of slums, How the Other Half Lives, New York
philanthropy
charitable donation to public causes. For example, the Rockefeller and Carnegie families donated a great deal of wealth to charities.
WEB Dubois
Founder of NAACP
Booker T. Washington
proponent of gradual gain of equal rights for African-Americans
Hawaii
acquired when Sanford B. Dole and US marines stormed the palace and ousted Queen Liliokalani
Schlieffen Plan
A strategy drawn up by Germany to avoid fighting a war on two fronts
Liberty bonds
a Government issued bond that sold during WW1 that rasied money for the allied war effort.
League of Nations
An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.
Model T
A cheap and simple car designed by Ford. It allowed for more Americans to own a car.
Teapot Dome Scandal
Harding's Secretary of the Interior leased national oil reserves to private companies for bribes
speakeasy
A place where alcoholic drinks were sold and consumed illegally during prohibition
Charleston
popular dance in the 1920s performed by a flapper
Great Migration
Movement of African Americans from the South to the North for jobs.
John Scopes
Tennessee highschool teacher who violated a state law by teaching evolution
buying on credit
to purchase something now and pay for it later (normally plus interest)