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19 terms

SS ch 1-2

STUDY
PLAY
Civilization
A society in an advanced state of social development (e.g., with complex legal and political and religious organizations)
Nomad
A member of a people who have no permanent home but move about according to the seasons
Fertile
Productive land, soil for farming
Domesticate
Make fit for cultivation, domestic life, and service to humans
East Africa
A geographical area in eastern Africa
Irrigation
Supplying dry land with water by means of canals
Surplus
A quantity much larger than is needed
Artisan
A skilled worker who practices some trade or handicraft
Social Class
People having the same social or economic status
Scribe
Someone employed to make written copies of documents and manuscripts
City-State
Area under one government
Polytheism
Belief in multiple Gods
Myth
A traditional story accepted as history
Sumer
An area in the southern region of Babylonia in present-day Iraq
Mesopotamia
The land between the Tigris and Euphrates
Fertile Crescent
A geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates
Tigris River
An Asian river above the Euphrates
Euphrates River
A river in southwestern Asia below the Tigris
How Civilizations Developed
From small farming towns that grew into larger cities that grew into civilizations