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Midterm Psych Review - Chapter One
Terms in this set (12)
type of thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions
the enduring behaviors ideas, attitudes values and traditions shared by a group of people and handed down from one generation to the next
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that we could have predicted it
a descriptive technique in which one individual or group is studied in depth in the hope of revealing universal principles
a measure of the extent to which two events vary together, and thus of how well either one predicts the other
a procedure in which participants and research staff are unaware of who has received the treatment
a descriptive technique of watching and recording behavior in naturally occurring situation without trying to change or control the situation
current perspectives: social cultural and behavioral. two subfields: clinical and counseling
what are psychology's current perspectives, and what are two of its subfields?
values influence what we study, how we study it, how we interpret it and influences researchers choices of topics. psychology aims to enlighten not manipulate
how do personal values influence psychologists' research and application? does psychology aim to manipulate people?
three key elements: curiosity, skepticism, and humility. supports scientific inquiry by helping make modern science possible
what are three key elements of the scientific attitude, and how do they support scientific inquiry?
case studies: techniques when a person/group are studied in hope of revealing something. naturalistic observations: techniques when someone/something is observed and the behavior is recorded in natural situations without trying to change and/or control it. surveys: techniques used to obtain self-reported attitudes or behaviors of a group. random sampling is important because it's fair and doesn't effect anything.
define case studies, naturalistic observations, and surveys. why is random sampling important?
positive correlation: indicates direct relationship. negative correlation: indicates an inverse relationship. they lead to prediction but not cause-effect explanation because correlation indicates the possibility of a cause-effect relationship, but it does not prove causation.
what are positive and negative correlations, and how can they lead to prediction but not cause-effect explanation?
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