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Reading Guide 17
Terms in this set (4)
Chinese Exclusion Act
1882 law that prohibited the immigration of Chinese laborers
The Indian Appropriation Act of 1871
ended recognition of tribes as independent nations by the federal government and nullified previous treaties made with the tribes
A Century of Dishonor By Helen Hunt
Although this book created sympathy for American Indians, especially in the eastern United States, it also generated support for ending Indian culture through assimilation. Reformers advocated formal education, job training, and conversion to Christianity.
Dawes Severalty Act (1887)
Also called the General Allotment Act, it tried to dissolve Indian tribes by redistributing their land. Each Indian family head would be allotted 160 acres. American citizenship would be granted if the Indians remained on the land for 25 years and adopted "habits of civilized life." Surplus reservation lands were available for sale to white settlers. Designed to forestall growing Indian poverty, it resulted in many Indians losing their lands to speculators. Most Indians were unfamiliar with farming and were assigned poor lands so they could not secure a living. Many did not wish to become "civilized" as reflected in the white culture, but sought to retain their own tribal cultures.
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