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Key Terms: Period 6 (1900-Present) Unit 1 (World War I)
Terms in this set (57)
Bosnian Serb Yugoslavist who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Sophie, in Sarajevo on 28 June 1914, precipitating the First World War.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Austrian archduke whose assassination by a Serbian nationalist precipitated World War I.
28th President of the United States; led the United States in World War I and secured the formation of the League of Nations.
David Lloyd George
British representative at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. He pushed for a revenge-based treaty at Versailles, hampering the 14 points.
French statesman who played a key role in negotiating the Treaty of Versailles (1841-1929).
He was the Italian representative at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. He pushed for a revenge-based treaty at Versailles, hampering the 14 points.
Ho Chi Minh
Organized the Intercolonial Union. He was elected to the Committee of the Peasants' International Congress in 1923. In 1936, he took charge of China's Indochinese Communist party.
Serbian nationalist/terrorist group responsible for the assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand which resulted in the start of World War I.
"Friendship, understanding, agreement") was the understanding linking the Russian Empire, the French Third Republic, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the signing of the Anglo-Russian Entente on 31 August 1907.
Britain, France, Italy, Russia, and the United States.
Also known as the Triplice was a secret agreement between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy formed on 20 May 1882 and renewed periodically until World War I. Germany and Austria-Hungary had been closely allied since 1879.
Term usually used to informally refer to the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, the largest one of the fifteen republics that comprised the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Refers to the four top Allied powers and their leaders who met at the Paris Peace Conference in January 1919. The Big Four is also known as the Council of Four. It was composed of Woodrow Wilson of the United States, David Lloyd George of Britain, Vittorio Emanuele Orlando of Italy, and Georges Clemenceau of France.
In the American automobile industry, the three largest manufacturers: General Motors, Ford, and Daimler-Chrysler.
Soviet Union- Officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, abbreviated to USSR, was a socialist state on the Eurasian continent that existed from 1922 to 1991.
League of Nations
An international organization established after World War I under the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles.
Unofficial historical designation for the German state between 1919 and 1933. The name derives from the city of Weimar, where its constitutional assembly first took place.
Principle or advocacy of political alliance or union of all the Arab states.
Worldwide Jewish movement that resulted in the establishment and development of the state of Israel.
Mays Fourth Movement
An anti-imperialist, cultural, and political movement growing out of student participants in Beijing on May 4, 1919, protesting against the Chinese government's weak response to the Treaty of Versailles, especially allowing Japan to receive territories.
The Great War
War fought from 1914 to 1918 between the Allies, notably Britain, France, Russia, and Italy (which entered in 1915), and the Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire.
The belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests.
Formal agreement or treaty between two or more nations to cooperate for specific purposes.
Germany and its allies (Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire) in World War I.
The process by which a country determines its own statehood and forms its own allegiances and government.
Any position or situation in which no action can be taken or progress made; deadlock.
British luxury liner sunk by a German submarine in the North Atlantic on May 7, 1915: one of the events leading to U.S. entry into World War I.
An internal diplomatic communication issued from the German Foreign Office in January 1917 that proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico in the event of the United States' entering World War I against Germany.
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
A peace treaty signed on 3 March 1918 between the new Bolshevik government of Soviet Russia and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire), that ended Russia's participation in World War I.
Military conflict in which the contenders are willing to make any sacrifice in lives and other resources to obtain a complete victory, as distinguished from limited war.
Information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.
War in which the major nations of the world are involved.
Peninsula in NW Turkey, between the Dardanelles and the Gulf of Saros: scene of a costly but unsuccessful Allied campaign in 1915.
The acronym for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. It was a World War 1army corps of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force that was formed in Egypt in 1915.
Held on November 11 every year, commemorates the signing of the armistice between the Allies and Germany at 11am on 11 November 1918 - the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month.
Paris Peace Conference
Also known as Versailles Peace Conference, was the meeting of the Allied victors, following the end of World War I to set the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers following the armistices of 1918.
Statement of principles for peace that was to be used for peace negotiations in order to end World War I. The principles were outlined in a January 8, 1918 speech on war aims and peace terms to the United States Congress by President Woodrow Wilson.
Treaty of Versailles
One of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
Were compensation imposed during the Paris Peace Conference upon the Central Powers following their defeat in the First World War by the Allied and Associate Powers. Each of the defeated powers was required to make payments in either cash or kind.
The act of getting rid of colonization, or freeing a country from being dependent on another country.
Compromise between the Allies' wish to retain the former German and Turkish colonies and their pre-Armistice declaration (November 5, 1918) that annexation of territory was not their aim in the war.
It was a letter written by the British government to the Zionist Leader, Lord Rothschild which stated the government's intentions in declaring a Jewish State in the Middle East.
Area of the eastern Mediterranean region, comprising parts of modern Israel and the Palestinian territories of the Gaza Strip (along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea) and the West Bank (the area west of the Jordan River).
Types of weapons employed ranged from disabling chemicals, such as tear gas, to lethal agents like phosgene, chlorine, and mustard gas. This chemical warfare was a major component of the first global war and first total war of the 20th century.
Came to dominate and even to personify the battlefields of World War One, was a fairly primitive device when general war began in August 1914. Machine guns of all armies were largely of the heavy variety and decidedly ill-suited to portability for use by rapidly advancing infantry troops.
First use of tanks on the battlefield was the use of British Mark I tanks at the Battle of
Flers-Courcelette (part of the Battle of the Somme) on 15 September 1916, with mixed results; many broke down, but nearly a third succeeded in breaking through.
The political situation demanded even greater pressure, and on 31 January 1917, Germany announced that its U-boats would engage in unrestricted submarine warfare beginning 1 February. On 17 March, German submarines sank three American merchant vessels, and the U.S. declared war on Germany in April 1917.
An invention called an "interrupter" was invented by the Germans that allowed the machine gun to be synchronized with the propeller. Soon all fighter planes used this invention. With mounted machine guns, pilots often fought enemy pilots in the air. These fights in the air were called dogfights.
Type of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting largely of trenches, in which troops are significantly protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery. The most famous use of trench warfare is the Western Front in World War I.
German submarine used in World War I or World War II.
The influenza pandemic of 1918-1919 killed more people than the Great War, known today as World War I (WWI), at somewhere between 20 and 40 million people. It has been cited as the most devastating epidemic in recorded world history.
(Of a disease) prevalent over a whole country or the world.
An elected governmental council in a Communist country.
Radical Marxist political party founded by Vladimir Lenin in 1903. Under Lenin's leadership, the Bolsheviks seized power in November 1917 during the Russian Revolution.
The generation reaching maturity during and just after World War I, a high proportion of whose men were killed during those years.
The deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation.
Ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands. Armenians constitute the main population of Armenia and the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic.
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