Chapter 8 - Ionic Compounds
the force that holds two atoms together
a negatively charged ion
a positively charged ion
the electrostatic force that hold oppositely charged particles together in an ionic compound
elements that have a set of eight outermost electrons
pseudo-noble gas formations
the relatively stable electrons structures developed by loss of electrons in certain elements in groups 1B, 2B, 3A, and 4A.
the family of elements that have little tendency to react
True or False: A positively charged ion is called an anion
True or False: the elements in group 1A lose their one valence electron, forming an ion with a 1+ charge
True or False: the elements tend to react so that they acquire the electron structure of a halogen
True or False: A sodium atom tends to lose one electron when it reacts
True or False: The electron structure of a zinc ion is an example of pseudo noble gas formation
True or False: A Cl- ion is an example of a cation
True or False: The ending -ide is used to designate an anion
True or False: Nonmetals form a stable outer electron configuration by losing electrons and becoming anions
The formula unit of an ionic compound shows the
simplest ratio of the ions
The overall charge of a formula unit for an ionic compound is
ionic bonds generally occur between a
metal and nonmetal
salts are an example of
in the crystal lattice of an ionic compound,
ions are surrounded by ions of the opposite charge.
what is the relationship between lattice energy and the strength of the attractive force holding ions in place?
the more negative the lattice energy is, the greater the force.
the formation of a stable ionic compound from ions is
in electron transfer involving a metallic atom and a nonmetallic atom during ion formation - what happens?
the nonmetallic atom gains electrons from the metallic atom.
In ionic compounds, the melting point is
In ionic compounds, the boiling point is
In ionic compounds,electrical conductivity in the solid state is
In ionic compounds, the electrical conductivity in a liquid state is
In ionic compounds, the electrical conductivity when dissolved in water is
True or False: The crystal lattice of ionic compounds affects their melting and boiling points
True or False: the lattice energy is the energy required to separate the ions of an ionic compound
True or False: the energy of an ionic compound is higher than that of the separate elements formed in it
True or False: the large ions tend to produce a more negative value for lattice energy than smaller ions do
True or False: ions that have larger charges tend to produce a more negative lattice energy than ions with smaller charges do.
Copper has the charge of
Iron has the charge of
Lead has the charge of
Mercury has the charge of
Tin has the charge of
Zinc has the charge of
Silver has the charge of
What are the 5 metals that could have different charges?
Iron, copper, tin, lead, and mercury
Hydrogen carbonate or bicarbonate
when a negatively charged ion includes one or more oxygen atoms
If two ions can be formed that contain different numbers of oxygen atoms, the name of the ion with more oxygen atoms ends with the suffix
The name for the in with fewer oxygen atoms ends with
a one-atom ion
ions made up of more than one atom
is a small number used to represent the number of ions of a given element in a chemical formula
the charge of an ion is equal to the atoms