Annie's SS American Revolution
Terms in this set (46)
What did George Grenville want?
He wanted to tax American colonists.
What did Britain plan to use the collected taxes to pay for?
They planned to use the money to defend the colonies.
Who approved taxing the colonies?
King George III
What was the Stamp Act of 1765?
A law that taxed printed materials:
How did the colonists feel about the Stamp Act of 1765?
Colonies believed they were self-governed
No Taxation without Representation
Who was Patrick Henry?
A lawyer from Virginia
Gave a fiery speech before the House of Burgesses
"Give me liberty or give me death"
What was the Stamp Act Congress?
A meeting in New York City urging Britian to repeal the Stamp Act.
Samuel Adams did what?
Urged colonists to unite against the British and taxes.
Organized the Sons of Liberty.
What were the Sons of Liberty?
A group that led protests against the new taxes.
They burned stamps and threatened Stamp Agents- to scare them
What were the Townshend Acts?
British agents found it impossible to collect taxes.
Parliament voted to repeal the tax in 1766
Britain still needed money
King George III still believed Britain had the right to tax.
Charles Townsend, treasures for British govt, called for a new tax.
Tariff on imported goods
British wanted to show who was in charge
Resulted in new protests
Colonists boycott tax on imported goods
Colonists would rather do without goods that pay tax
Who was Marcy Otis Warren?
A writer who encouraged people to stop buying imported goods.
How did colonial women support boycott of imported goods?
Made their own tea
Wove cloth to make clothes instead of buying British wool
Colonial boycott had what impact on British business?
hurt British businesses
How did the British react to the colonial boycott?
Decided to take stronger action
British ship arrive in Boston Harbor
They thought this would show the colonists who was in charge.
Britain's law making assembly
1765 this law placed a tax on printed materials such as legal documents and newspapers.
Colonial leaders urged Parliament to "cancel" the Stamp Act
Sons of Liberty
a group that led protests against new taxes.
Laws that placed a tax on imported goods such as paper, wool & TEA!
a tax that was placed on imported goods.
a refusal to buy goods or services
Daughters of Liberty
a group that started making their own tea and cloth instead of buying it from Britain.
Boston, 1770, the killing of many people who could not defend themselves.
Committee of Correspondence
Committees formed throughout colonies.
Letters were written to deliver news.
Letters were delivered by "Express Riders" on fast horses.
A law passed by Parliament
Colonies must buy tea from ONLY East India Co. & pay Tea Tax
Boston Tea Party 1773
Sons of Liberty dressed like Indians
Board the British ships (Dartmouth, Eleanor, Beaver)
Dump tea cargo into the harbor.
Punishment for Boston Tea Party
King George III, passed a group of laws that made living in Boston intolerable or unbearable.
Colonists were expected to house and feed the British soldiers. The Colony of Mass. was under control of a British general Thomas Gage
Port of Boston was closed - hurt the economy
Colonists take sides: patriots or loyalists
Colonists who opposed or disliked British rule.
Colonists who remained "loyal" to King George III and Britain.
First Continental Congress
representatives from the colonies met in Philadelphia in 1774 to plan out what they would do to fight against Britain.
volunteer armies from each colony.
Militia groups that could be ready at a "minute's notice" to fight for their colony.
1775 a war against Britain where Americans fought for their independence.
Battle of Bunker Hill
a battle between Bunker Hill and Breed's Hill. Even though the Patriots lost this battle, they showed the British forces that they would fight for their independence and country.
Who was Crispus Attucks
A victim of the Boston Massacre
What was the Boston Massacre?
Angry colonists surround Hugh White & soldiers
Soldiers panic & fire into the crowd
Who was prosecuted for the Boston Massacre?
British soldiers were put on trial.
Defended by John Adams (he thought they deserved a fair trial)
Soldiers found not guilty.
Why did Parliament repeal the Townshend Acts?
Boycotts were hurting British businesses.
Removed all the taxes, but on tea?
Still wanted to show they had control.
Who formed the Committee of Correspondence? Why?
To get the colonies to work together they needed faster communication/correspondence.
Name a famous rider for the Committee of Correspondence?
Paul Revere: he let the colonists know the British were coming.
What were the (2) GOALS of the Tea Act?
1. Help East India Co. become stronger.
2. Get colonists to pay taxes.
How did King George III respond to the Boston Tea Party?
He vowed to punish the colonists.
How is Boston punished for the Boston Tea Party?
The Intolerable Acts
Soldiers sent back to Boston
Colony of Massachusetts under authority of Thomas Gage
Port of Boston closed: until tea payed for
What was the Continental Congress?
- A meeting to discuss response to Intolerable Acts
representatives from every colony (except Georgia)
- Agreed to stop all trade with Britain until Intolerable Acts repealed.
- Began Training Militias - Minuteman
What events happened in the following years?
1765 Stamp Act
1767 Townshend Acts
1770 Boston Massacre
1773 Boston Tea Party
1774 Continental Congress
1775 American Revolution begins
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