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42 terms

Health Assessment Exam 3-Chapter 22

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Joint:
Place of union for two or more bones
Non-synovial joints:
Bones untifed by fibrous tissue or cartilage and are immovabe.
Synovial joints:
Freely movable joints
Cartilage:
Avascular connective tissue w/slow cell turnover.
Ligaments:
Fibrous bands running directly from one bone to another that strengthen joints.
Bursa:
An enclosed sac filled with viscous synovial fluid, located in areas of potential friction (shoulder, knee).
Muscles:
40-50 percent body weight; Contraction produces movement
Skeletal muscles:
Voluntary muscles under conscious control
Fasciculi:
Bundles of muscle fibers
Tendon:
A strong fibrous cord taht attaches muscle and bone.
Protraction:
Moving body part forward and parallel to ground
Temporomandibular Joint:
The articulation of the mandible and temporal bone
Vertebrae:
33 connecting bones stacked in vertical column
Breakdown of Vertebrae:
Cervical 7; thoracic 12, lumbar 5, sacral 5; coccygeal 3 or 4
Vertebral landmarks:
Spinous processes of C7 & T1 at base of neck;
Inferior angle of scapula at T7 & T8;
Intrevertebral disks:
Elastic fibrocartilaginous plates that have a nucleus pulposus as shock absorbers
Glenohumeral Joint:
Articulation of the humerus and the glenoid fossa of the scapula; ball & socket joint.
Rotator cuff:
4 powerful muscles that enclose the glenohumeral joint, to support and stabilize it.
Acromion Process:
Landmark of the scapula on the very top of shoulder
Subacromial bursa:
Bursa in the shoulder by rotator cuff
Medial & lateral epicondyles:
Palpable landmarks of elbow on the humerus.
Olercranon process of Ulna:
Large area on the humerus between the medial & lateral epicondyles
Radiocarpal joint:
Wrist
Knee:
The articulation of three bones: the femur, tibia and patella
Supratellar pouch:
The knee's synovial membrane
Medial & lateral menisci:
Two wedge shaped cartilages that cushion the tibia and femur.
Tibiotalar Joint:
Ankle-the articulation of the tibia, fibula and talus; hinge joint
Ankle landmarks:
Medial and lateral malleolus
Osteoporosis:
Loss of bone density
Epiphyses:
Growth plates
Subluxation:
Partial dislocation of a joint
Phalens test:
Hold both hands back to back with flexing wrists at 90 degrees
Tinels Sign:
Direct percussion of median nerve at wrist
Bulge Sign:
Swelling at the suprapatellar pouch; move fluid from side to side
Ballottement of the Patella:
Compress suprapatellar pouch to move fluid into knee joint
McMurrays Test:
Patient supine, flex knee and rotate leg
LeSegues Test:
Raise uneffected leg to test for back and leg pain
Ortolani's Maneuver:
Checks for infant hip displacement
Allis Test:
Checks for infant hip displacement by comparing leg lenght
Rheumatoid Arthritis:
Chronic systemic inflammatory disease of joints and surrounding connective tissue
Osteoarthritis:
Non-inflammatory, localized progressive disorder of articular cartilages, subchondral bone and formation of new bone
Polydactyly:
Extra digits