42 terms

Health Assessment Exam 3-Chapter 22

Place of union for two or more bones
Non-synovial joints:
Bones untifed by fibrous tissue or cartilage and are immovabe.
Synovial joints:
Freely movable joints
Avascular connective tissue w/slow cell turnover.
Fibrous bands running directly from one bone to another that strengthen joints.
An enclosed sac filled with viscous synovial fluid, located in areas of potential friction (shoulder, knee).
40-50 percent body weight; Contraction produces movement
Skeletal muscles:
Voluntary muscles under conscious control
Bundles of muscle fibers
A strong fibrous cord taht attaches muscle and bone.
Moving body part forward and parallel to ground
Temporomandibular Joint:
The articulation of the mandible and temporal bone
33 connecting bones stacked in vertical column
Breakdown of Vertebrae:
Cervical 7; thoracic 12, lumbar 5, sacral 5; coccygeal 3 or 4
Vertebral landmarks:
Spinous processes of C7 & T1 at base of neck;
Inferior angle of scapula at T7 & T8;
Intrevertebral disks:
Elastic fibrocartilaginous plates that have a nucleus pulposus as shock absorbers
Glenohumeral Joint:
Articulation of the humerus and the glenoid fossa of the scapula; ball & socket joint.
Rotator cuff:
4 powerful muscles that enclose the glenohumeral joint, to support and stabilize it.
Acromion Process:
Landmark of the scapula on the very top of shoulder
Subacromial bursa:
Bursa in the shoulder by rotator cuff
Medial & lateral epicondyles:
Palpable landmarks of elbow on the humerus.
Olercranon process of Ulna:
Large area on the humerus between the medial & lateral epicondyles
Radiocarpal joint:
The articulation of three bones: the femur, tibia and patella
Supratellar pouch:
The knee's synovial membrane
Medial & lateral menisci:
Two wedge shaped cartilages that cushion the tibia and femur.
Tibiotalar Joint:
Ankle-the articulation of the tibia, fibula and talus; hinge joint
Ankle landmarks:
Medial and lateral malleolus
Loss of bone density
Growth plates
Partial dislocation of a joint
Phalens test:
Hold both hands back to back with flexing wrists at 90 degrees
Tinels Sign:
Direct percussion of median nerve at wrist
Bulge Sign:
Swelling at the suprapatellar pouch; move fluid from side to side
Ballottement of the Patella:
Compress suprapatellar pouch to move fluid into knee joint
McMurrays Test:
Patient supine, flex knee and rotate leg
LeSegues Test:
Raise uneffected leg to test for back and leg pain
Ortolani's Maneuver:
Checks for infant hip displacement
Allis Test:
Checks for infant hip displacement by comparing leg lenght
Rheumatoid Arthritis:
Chronic systemic inflammatory disease of joints and surrounding connective tissue
Non-inflammatory, localized progressive disorder of articular cartilages, subchondral bone and formation of new bone
Extra digits