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a specific arrangement of atoms in an organic compound that is capable of characteristic chemical reactions
a common type of organic reaction which involves the replacement of an atom or gropu of atoms bu another atom or group of atoms; Example - the reaction of chlorine with ethane to produce ethyl chloride and hydrogen chloride
a class of organic compounds in which one of more halogen atoms are joined to a carbon of an arene ring
a halocarbon in which one or more halogen atoms are attached to the carbon atoms of an aliphatic chain
any member of a class of organic compounds containing covalently bonded fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine
adding new functional groups at the double or triple bond of an alkene or alkyne; example the reaction of HBr with propene to form 1-bromopropane
a reaction in which hydrogen is added to a carbon-carbon double bond to give an alkane; example the reaction of hydrogen with butene to form butane
an organic compound in which the carbon of the carbonyl group is joined to at least one hydrogen; the general formula is RCHO
a functional group having a carbon atom and an oxygen atom joined by a double bond; it is found in aldehydes, ketones, esters, and amides
a function gropu consisting of a carbonyl group attached to a hydroxyl group; it is found in carboylic acids
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